Princeton in the News

May 13 to 19, 1999

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The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 19, 1999, Wednesday

HEADLINE: CARS AND THE ENVIRONMENT/Can Motor City Come Up With A Clean Machine?

WILLIAM C. FORD JR., the new 42-year-old chairman of the Ford Motor Company, became an environmentalist the way many baby boomers did. As a boy, he loved to hike, fish and go camping; he hated to revisit a spot only to find that someone else had made a mess of it. In high school, he volunteered to spend afternoons picking up trash along a nearby river. At Princeton University, he read books by radical environmentalists and stayed up late discussing how to save the earth.

Then he joined the family business as a vehicle-planning analyst in 1979, and got a shock when he tried to raise environmental concerns. "Coming to an old-line auto company, people looked at me like I was a Bolshevik for bringing it up, for even asking the questions," he said. ...

AP Worldstream
Copyright 1999 Associated Press
May 18, 1999; Tuesday


Hurricane Georges catapulted cars into trees, overturned yachts and destroyed crops in Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. But it killed only three people.

The same storm proceeded to devastate neighboring Dominican Republic and Haiti, killing more than 500 and laying waste to entire areas.

The difference is money and the organization it enables.

Eight months later, with experts predicting an even more dangerous hurricane season, little has changed. ...

In the United States, Princeton University researchers reported recently that the costs of natural catastrophes have skyrocketed because the wealthy are moving to vulnerable beach-view and wetland areas, including hurricane-prone Florida, Maryland, North Carolina and Texas. ...

Business Wire
Copyright 1999 Business Wire, Inc.
May 18, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: Universal Display Corporation Announces First Quarter Results

May 18, 1999--Universal Display Corporation (UDC)(NASDAQ:PANL), a developer of flat panel display technology, announced today its unaudited results of operations for the first quarter ended March 31, 1999. The Company recently announced that it signed a letter of intent with the Industrial Technology Research Laboratories of Taiwan, to cooperate in the commercialization of UDC's proprietary Organic Light Emitting Devices (OLED's). Universal Display had a net loss of $593,866 (or $.06 per share) for the quarter ended March 31, 1999 compared to a loss of $321,108 (or $0.03 per share) for the same period in 1998. The increase in the net loss was attributed to increased research and development costs. Research and development costs were higher in 1998 because they were primarily associated with research being performed at Princeton University by employees of the company, patent expenses and payments under the 1997 Sponsored Research Agreement. ...

Herald Express (Torquay)
Copyright 1999 Herald Express
May 18, 1999

BYLINE: By Allan Tudor

STAR-gazer Chris Lintott has returned to South Devon from a trip to the States with his head in the clouds and a clutch of awards.

His project on star formation picked up three awards in the International Science and Engineering Fair in Philadelphia.
Chris, 18, is an amateur astronomer, of Mawes Drive, Broadsands, and an A-level pupil at Torquay Boys' Grammar School.

He won fourth prize and 500 dollars in his section; collected an honourable mention from the American space agency NASA; and second prize in the Bart Bok scheme for work on astrophysics - Bok was one of the pioneers of the study of star formation, said Chris.

He added: "I seemed to pick up all the awards without any money attached to them! The winners in the NASA category get to go to Space Camp but as I was British all I got was a certificate. ...

During his week he visited New York to see the Statue of Liberty, attended a party at Philadelphia Zoo, toured the plasma physics Lab at Princeton University, and had a question and answer session with seven Nobel science prize winners. ...

The Independent (London)
Copyright 1999 Newspaper Publishing PLC
May 18, 1999, Tuesday


THE NORTHERN Irish poet Paul Muldoon (left) will be elected unopposed to the often contentious post of Professor of Poetry at Oxford University. Muldoon, 47, will replace the poet and former Independent journalist James Fenton (who also wrote the original lyrics for Les Miserables) in the 300-year-old position.

A campaign in support of the inventive and prolific Muldoon, who now teaches at Princeton University in the United States, has been masterminded by the poet, critic and Oxford don Tom Paulin. The five-year professorship is voted on by an electorate of Oxford MAs, although only a tiny fraction of eligible graduates ever vote. The job carries a light burden of lecturing duties, but has a record of inspiring memorable criticism. It has been won in the past by major figures such as W H Auden and Seamus Heaney, who beat the dub poet Benjamin Zephaniah in 1989.

The Irish Times
Copyright 1999 The Irish Times
May 18, 1999

HEADLINE: Oxford post for NI poet

The Northern Irish poet, Paul Muldoon, a professor at Princeton University in the US, has been elected Professor of Poetry at Oxford University.

Muldoon is the second Irishman in a decade to hold the chair, and also the second Ulsterman. He succeeds the English poet James Fenton, who succeeded the 1995 Nobel Laureate, Seamus Heaney.

Born in Co Armagh in 1951, Muldoon is the winner of many prestigious literary prizes, including the TS Eliot Memorial Prize which he won for The Annals Of Chile 1994 and the 1997 Irish Times Irish Literature Prize for poetry, for his critically acclaimed New Selected Poems - 1968-1994. Hay, his most recent collection, was published last October.

Los Angeles Times
Copyright 1999 Times Mirror Company
May 18, 1999, Tuesday


Robert Ormes Dougan, a Book of Kells scholar, bibliophile and librarian who greatly increased the Huntington Library's vast collection of rare books and manuscripts, has died at the age of 94.

Dougan, the Huntington's librarian for 14 years, died May 8 at Cottage Hospital in Santa Barbara. He had been a longtime resident of the Samarkand, a retirement home in Santa Barbara. ...

Dougan's avocation was collecting some of the earliest photographs, made shortly after the medium was invented in 1839. He amassed about 1,000 prints and negatives made by D.O. Hill from 1840 to 1848, now at the University of Glasgow. The librarian's larger and more comprehensive historical photography collection has been acquired by the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, which shares it with the city's Museum of Modern Art and Princeton University. ...

The Times (London)
Copyright 1999 Times Newspapers Limited
May 18, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: Royal Society

Election of Fellows and Foreign Members
The Royal Society announces the election of its annual intake of new Fellows and Foreign Members

Foreign Members: Dr Robert Huber, Max-Planck-Institut fuer Biochemie, Munich, Germany; Professor Marc Kirschner, Harvard Medical School, Boston, US; Professor George Stebbins, University of California, US; Professor Gilbert Stork, Columbia University, US; Professor Edward Witten, Princeton University, US; Professor Richard Zare, Stanford University, US.

University Wire
Copyright 1999 OSU Daily Barometer via U-Wire
May 18, 1999

HEADLINE: Pulitzer winner shares childhood experiences with Oregon State U. crowd
BYLINE: By Sarah Shetlar, OSU Daily Barometer

Sunday night at Oregon State Universiyt's La Sells Stewart Center in the Construction and Engineering Auditorium, to a standing-room only audience, Yusef Komunyakaa, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet and professor of creative writing at Princeton University began his poetry reading. He finished the reading an hour later in the larger auditorium because the fire marshall said that the people sitting in the aisles of the original auditorium created a fire hazard.

Komunyakaa, a native of Louisiana, has published 10 books of poetry, including his most recent, "Thieves of Paradise," (1998) and "Neon Vernacular" (1994), for which he won the Pulitzer Prize.

The general reaction to the reading was quite positive.

"Of the readings I've seen this year, this is the best one," said Ming Min Lee, a freshman in zoology and biology. "He has a real feeling for rhythm. It was interesting... what he reads about is not something I've come across [before in my life]. He does open eyes and he's good at picking subject matters. It's poetry of places and things."

Komunyakaa poems have a deep rhythm to them. They have been compared to jazz and blues songs, but other rhythms were prevalent also. In the poem "Ode to the drum," the beat of the poem was the beat of the drum. In another poem dealing with basketball, the dribbling of the ball could almost be heard. In yet another poem, a heartbeat was the essential rhythm. ...

U.S. Newswire
Copyright 1999 U.S. Newswire, Inc.
May 17, 1999

HEADLINE: Presidential Scholars Announced for 1999 (2/3)

 NJ(a)--Julian A. Rosse, of Pennington, a senior at Hopewell Valley Central High School in Pennington. Teacher: Anthony D. J. Branker, Music instructor at Princeton University in Princeton.

The Associated Press
State & Local Wire
May 17, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: Bonnyman emerges from poverty law as one of state's most powerful attorneys
BYLINE: MARTA W. ALDRICH, Associated Press Writer

Gordon Bonnyman is everywhere, it seems. Or least everywhere there is a cause for Tennessee's poorest, least, lowest or lost.

He's there at a court hearing on nursing home or prison conditions.

Or at a senior citizens rally pushing long-term care for the elderly.

There, too, at legislative reviews for foster children programs.

Once the state's best-known Legal Services lawyer, Bonnyman now represents society's downtrodden as head of the nonprofit Tennessee Justice Center, which offers free legal services to poor people in civil cases. ...

While attending boarding school in Pennsylvania, he was heavily influenced by a Quaker-sponsored project painting homes in poor neighborhoods. He went on to Princeton and then the University of Tennessee Law School.

The Associated Press
State & Local Wire
May 17, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: 'When in Doubt, Sing': New quests for spirituality
BYLINE: VERENA DOBNIK, Associated Press Writer

Can these moments have something in common? Planting a garden, making love, kneading bread, dancing, singing - or even just breathing.

They all can be spiritual acts, says Jane Redmont, who's written a book on the myriad ways of praying in the angst-filled modern world. ...

Her "When in Doubt, Sing" explores the inner adventures of hundreds of ordinary people she spoke with, some via the Internet. The title celebrates music as prayer, which helped her survive depression. ...

Princeton University sociologist Robert Wuthnow, an expert on trends in American spirituality, says "more people in the United States pray than actually believe firmly that God exists. Prayer is a search, an expression of faith, but also an admission of doubt."

Wuthnow, head of Princeton's Center for the Study of Religion, explained the need for different kinds of worship: "People move in and out of communities, in and out of jobs, in and out of personal relationships. I call it porousness. And that means we have to figure things out for ourselves." ...

Copyright 1999 The Baltimore Sun Company
May 17, 1999 Monday

HEADLINE: Glad students greet season of graduation; Ceremonies: At Morgan and Coppin, St. John's and St. Mary's, commencement brings feelings of pride and a desire to begin new lives.

BYLINE: Scott Shane


St. John's College: Ninety-one students collected bachelor's degrees and 24 received master's degrees yesterday at historic St. John's College in Annapolis. Robert Fagles, noted translator of " The Iliad" and "The Odyssey," delivered the commencement speech during outdoor ceremonies held under the school's landmark Liberty Tree.

Fagles, professor of comparative literature at Princeton University, read a passage from "The Odyssey" in its original ancient Greek. The story was familiar to all Johnnies, because the college's trademark curriculum requires students to digest that and other classic works of literature.

Fagles urged the college's 207th graduating class to use poetry to improve their lives, reciting a line from Robert Frost that compares poetry to love. "Both begin with delight and end in wisdom," Fagles quoted the New England poet.

Belfast Telegraph
Copyright 1999 Belfast Telegraph Newspapers Ltd.
May 17, 1999

HEADLINE: Oxford honour for Ulster poet
BYLINE: By Neil Johnston, Arts Correspondent

ULSTER poet Paul Muldoon looked set today to receive one of literature's most prestigious accolades.

It is the 300-year-old post of Professor of Poetry at Oxford University, which has previously been held by such celebrated writers as W.H. Auden, Matthew Arnold and Muldoon's fellow Ulsterman Seamus Heaney.

Normally, the Oxford professsorship is decided by an election.

But today, unless another nomination is entered by mid afternoon, Muldoon will be returned unopposed as the 42nd occupant of the chair.

The post, which is for a five year term, carries a stipend of (GBP) 4,695 and the professor gives one public lecture every term. Heaney, the first Irish poet to be elected, held it from 1989-1994.

Muldoon, who is 47, was born in Armagh and was educated at St Patrick's College and Queen's University.

From 1973 until 1986 he worked in Belfast as a producer with the BBC, and since 1987 he has lived in the United States, where he teaches in the creative writing department at Princeton University.

His poetry has earned him an international reputation, and his collections have won many major literary awards.

Muldoon's wife Jean, also a poet, is expecting a baby later this week.

The Christian Science Monitor
Copyright 1999 The Christian Science Publishing Society
May 17, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: A vanguard for mutual fund reform
BYLINE: Guy Halverson, Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor


John C. Bogle, founder of the Vanguard Group, thinks the mutual-fund industry may have become too greedy and merits extra scrutiny from federal regulators.

He wants them to "follow the money trail."

"We did it with Watergate, and we need to do it with the mutual-fund industry," he says.

"I've asked the [US Securities and Exchange Commission] to take a thorough look" at mutual funds and find out how much of the industry revenues are flowing back to fund shareholders, and how much are being pocketed by the industry or used for costly marketing programs, Mr. Bogle says.

He reckons the industry spends $10 billion to $15 billion a year for advertising and marketing - money that comes out of the pockets of fund shareholders. ...

Bogle is considered one of the most knowledgeable and influential voices within the mutual-fund industry. His experience dates back to the late 1940s, when he wrote his senior-year thesis at Princeton University on investment companies.

He founded the Vanguard Group and pioneered the concept of index funds. ...

Copyright 1999 Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News
May 17, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: Latin America Stays Afloat, But Rising Tide of Debt Has Some Worried
BYLINE: By Jane Bussey

The worst-case scenario haunting banks and bondholders earlier this year was the prospect that countries and companies in Latin America, unable to borrow on the international capital markets, would begin defaulting on their foreign obligations.

Such fears have receded since mid-March, replaced by something akin to euphoria as Wall Street investment bankers eagerly underwrote billions of dollars in new sovereign bond issues: $500 million for Chile and $2 billion for Brazil in April and another $1 billion for Argentina.

The International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank and 20 Western countries also helped stem the panic, extending $41.5 billion in new loans to Brazil to bring the country's foreign debt to more than $270 billion by the time the lending program is finished.

A decade-and-a-half after the debt crisis crippled most of the Latin American economies, creditors and the region have escaped a new close call. But the price has been a mountain of new debt. ...

"Excessive amounts of borrowing in someone else's currency -- this should be actively discouraged," said Alan Blinder, a former vice chairman of the Federal Reserve, who is now an economics professor at Princeton University.

"Pretending that you are borrowing one dollar for one real is a cruel hoax," Blinder said. "Millions of innocent victims fall under the weight of the debt. These are not the people who should have been bearing the risks. Hedge funds should have been taking the risks." ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 17, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: Madelaine Chambers, 72, Opera Singer

Madelaine Chambers, a lyric soprano who sang at the Metropolitan Opera and the New York City Opera in the 1950's and 60's, died on April 30 at the University of Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia. She was 72 and lived in Allentown, N.J.

The cause was leukemia, said Leyna Gabriele, a friend. ...

After her retirement Ms. Chambers taught voice at Princeton University and the State University of New York at Purchase.

The Ottawa Citizen
Copyright 1999 Southam Inc.
May 17, 1999, FINAL

HEADLINE: Embryo adoption raises abortion issues: Status of unborn linked to federal proposals
BYLINE: Christopher Guly

A proposal before the federal government to allow people to adopt human embryos could be interpreted as recognizing the unborn as human beings, said a member of the Royal Commission on New Reproductive Technologies that operated from 1989 to 1993.

''My personal wish would be that it would, but I don't think that is necessarily the case under the present state of Canadian law,'' said Suzanne Scorsone.

''I would hate to see this get derailed by conflicts over abortion laws by people who are seeking to maintain access to abortion. That's not what this is about. This is about what is to happen to these embryos.'' ...

Technology's ability to detect genetic defects in fetuses is also creating controversy.

Peter Singer, newly appointed bioethics professor at Princeton University's Center for Human Values in New Jersey, believes there should be a 28-day period following the birth of a baby in which the parents could decide whether to terminate the life if an infant is born with a severe disability.

Plastics News
Copyright 1999 Crain Communications, Inc.
May 17, 1999


NEW YORK -- When Christopher W. Macosko talks about polymers, the chemical engineering professor sounds like he's 15 again, building rockets in his parents' garage in Berea, Ohio.

Macosko, 54, won the Society of Plastics Engineers' top honor, the International Award, during Antec '99. His focus has been rheology. In 1970, he and Joseph Starita co-founded Rheometric Scientific, which makes rheometers, instruments that measure polymer flow and elasticity. ...

Macosko started Rheometric Scientific after a doctorate's degree thesis on the subject at Princeton University. ''We made the first real practical, commercial rheometer that got into the industrial labs,'' he said. ...

PR Newswire
Copyright 1999 PR Newswire Association, Inc.
May 17, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: Pure Energy Corporation Tackles DOE Challenge New Category of Fuels Is Designated; P-Series, An Environmentally Friendly, High-Performance Fuel, Is Cost-Competitive and Practical


Pure Energy Corporation, a private New York-based company, announced today that the Department of Energy has approved P-Series as an "Alternative Fuel" under the regulatory authority of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT). P-Series is a significant breakthrough for the energy industry and is the first multi-component engineered fuel to be designated by the DOE. P-Series is engineered for performance largely from renewable resources and is essentially sulfur-free.

Designation clears the way for P-Series to become an attractive and widely available option for American consumers. P-Series is a practical, high-performance choice and is the only cost-competitive, environmentally responsible fuel made from renewable domestic materials. The high-octane, substantially non-petroleum fuel is designed to operate in flexible fuel vehicles that are on the roads today, and of which hundreds of thousands are being produced each year by major auto makers. ...

P-Series was patented by Princeton University (U.S. Patent No. 5697987) in December 1997. Pure Energy holds the exclusive worldwide license to manufacture and distribute P-Series.

MAY 16, 1999


CAROLE SIMPSON: Millions of us shop, research, explore and chat on the Internet. What about worshiping? As ABC's Bob Jamieson found out, there's whole a new class of congregants, those going to God online.

BOB JAMIESON, ABC News: (voice-over) Those in the pews at Atlanta's Peachtree Presbyterian Church this morning were not the only ones attending the 10:00 a.m. service -- 825 miles away in her dorm room at Princeton University, Emily Poe joined her congregation online.

EMILY POE, Cyber Church Participant: The biggest thing it gives me is just the sense of being back with that community. If I'm having a hard day or a bad week, then it's somewhere that I'm used to seeing, and so it's kind of comforting in that sense.

BOB JAMIESON: (voice-over) Peachtree Presbyterian is one of tens of thousands of churches now reaching out to cyberworshippers. Some are like Emily, but many are those who have fallen away from organized worship and find it easier to log on than attend in person. ...

The Jerusalem Post
Copyright 1999 The Jerusalem Post
May 16, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Thanks for the memory, Dr. Kandel
BYLINE: Judy Siegel-Itzkovich

Judy Siegel-Itzkovich spoke to Wolf Prize winner Prof. Eric Kandel and discovered how his study of fruit flies and snails led to ground-breaking discoveries about how we remember things

Why can you remember every word of a silly poem or chemical formula you learned in high school, but not recall the name of the person with the familiar face you saw yesterday in an elevator, or the phone number of your mother-in-law?

Memory is not just a sense keen in youth and fuzzy in old age. It's a gradual loss terrifyingly portending a slide into dementia. It's an extremely complex, life-long process involving molecular switches on the cellular level, one that that converts some short-term memory into stable long-term memory and discards superfluous details. ...

Other recipients were Technion physicist Prof. Dan Shechtman, Canadian chemistry Prof. Raymond Lemieux, Princeton University mathematician Prof. Elias Stein and Yale University mathematician Prof. Laszlo Lovasz. ...

The New York Post
Copyright 1999 N.Y.P. Holdings, Inc. All rights reserved.
May 16, 1999, Sunday


CHINESE dissident Chai Ling had a long journey from Beijing to Boston.

As a student at Beijing University, she was a leader of the pro-democracy movement in Tiananmen Square 10 years ago this spring.

When the tanks rolled in on June 4, 1989, Chai, who was elected chief commander by the student protesters, was one of the last demonstrators to leave.

That put Chai, now 33, on the Chinese government's most-wanted list. For 10 months, she was in hiding, disguised as a rice farmer, a laborer and a maid.

She escaped from China by stowing away to Hong Kong in a wooden crate that was nailed shut. From there she went to Paris, then made her home in the United States.

After taking her Master's in International Affairs at Princeton, she attended Harvard Business School. That's where she saw the potential of the Internet as a tool for students and professors to communicate.

Harvard's Dean Kim Clark spent more than $11 million to develop such a system, which was unveiled in 1997, for the Ivy League school.

Harvard's proprietary system, however, was too costly for widespread use by universities.

After graduating (Class of '98), she hired some of the developers of the Harvard system and formed to create a web-based application for schools that was more portable, affordable and standardized.

"Every school in America is now able to enjoy this state-of-the-art architecture," says Chai. Using the application for Jenzabar - which means "the best and the brightest" in Chinese - users can create their own web pages, form web communities, receive university news and keep class schedules. ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 16, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: A Man's Place

When the subject is women's economic progress, it's easy to get lost in the controversies of the moment. So The New York Times Magazine convened six experts to consider how that progress has played out over a longer stretch of history. They began by examining the transformation in the lives of working women, then looked at the power of women as consumers and finally appraised how well (or poorly) the economy has adapted to women's needs and desires.

The conversation was moderated by Michael Weinstein, an economist who writes the Economic Scene column in The Times. The panelists:

Victoria de Grazia, professor of history at Columbia University and author of "The Sex of Things: Gender and Consumption in Historical Perspective."

Claudia Goldin, professor of economics at Harvard University and author of "Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American Women."

Jacqueline Jones, Truman professor of history at Brandeis University and author of "American Work: Four Centuries of Black and White Labor."

Juliet B. Schor, economics lecturer at Harvard and author of "The Overspent American: Why We Want What We Don't Need."

Marta Tienda, professor of sociology and public affairs at Princeton University and author of "The Hispanic Population of the United States."

William Julius Wilson, Geyser University professor at Harvard and author of "The Bridge Over the Racial Divide: Rising Inequality and Coalition Politics," to be published this fall.

A Woman's Place Is in the Workplace

Michael Weinstein: How far have women come over the past century or so? How would the economic circumstances of, say, a 20-year-old woman living in the United States 100 ago be different from her counterpart's today? ...

Marta Tienda: There is also the issue of how family arrangements constrained women. Even as recently as 15 or 20 years ago in the Southwest, the idea of women moving out of the parental household and living alone was unacceptable. ...

Tienda: If you just compare white and minority women between 1960 and the early 1970's, the occupational distribution of black and white women converged. But since 1980, the trend has reversed. Asian women, with their higher college-completion rates, have benefited from the increased demand for skilled labor, but black and Hispanic women have fallen back. ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 16, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Spring Children's Books;Those Weren't the Days

BYLINE: By Christine Stansell; Christine Stansell is a professor of history at Princeton University. Her book "American Moderns" will be published early next year.

The Way Things Never Were: The Truth About the "Good Old Days."
By Norman H. Finkelstein.
Illustrated. 95 pp. New York: Atheneum Books for Young Readers. $17. (Ages 10 to 14)

THIS is a book of debunking. Norman H. Finkelstein believes that kids need to be disabused of the view, pushed on them by baby-boomer parents, that the 1950's and 60's were a golden time. His goal is to assure children that the reverse is true; that like a Florida condo village, the America of the 1990's offers a splendid five-star way of life against which the postwar decades look like a shabby tract-house development.

In topical chapters, Finkelstein provides a counterhistory to idealizations about how much better life used to be in the areas of health, crime, diet and family life. Yet where, exactly, the myths about the good old days came from and who, exactly, believes them is never clear. Does anyone seriously tell children that "people were healthier" in the 1950's, as the title of the book's first chapter has it? Surely not the parents of the sophisticated middle-class youngsters at whom the book is pitched. Those adults are more likely to convey ambivalence about a period that mixed strong doses of misery and repression with undeniable childhood pleasures. Many, if not most, young adolescents today barely have any fix at all on the postwar past; and what they do understand is an amalgam of "Grease," trinket-laden hippies and the angst of the civil rights movement, more likely to provoke historical judgments of "weird" than "awesome." ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 16, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Is Private School Worth It? That's an Essay Question; Parents and Educators Agree the Beauty Is in the Choices, But Studies Show High Achievers Will Do Well Anywhere


FOR Judith Corrente, it was the difference between an average and an exceptional education for her three children. She was willing to pay about $20,000 a year for each of them to get a high school education.

Even though the public schools in Far Hills are considered among the best in the state, Ms. Corrente chose private school for her children, enduring weeks of interviews, campus tours, detailed applications for admission and a total of more than $250,000 in tuition and fees. ...

She first enrolled her children in Far Hills Country Day School, a K-8 school about 10 minutes from their home. For high school, her eldest son attended Delbarton, an all-boys day school in Morristown. (He went on to graduate from Princeton University and now works at Chase Manhattan Bank.) She enrolled her daughter and youngest son at the Lawrenceville School, a 700-acre prep school near Princeton. Her daughter now attends Brown University, and her youngest son is a sophomore at the Lawrenceville School. ...

But whether students get so much more at private schools than at public schools in New Jersey -- at least those in affluent suburban communities -- is a subject of much debate among educators. James Murphy, executive director of the New Jersey Association of School Administrators, whose members are principals of public schools, contends that for the most part, high achievers in public schools end up attending colleges every bit as good as those attended by the better students in private school. ...

Indeed, virtually all graduates from the private independent schools attend college. According to the New Jersey Association of Independent Schools, 60 percent to 75 percent attend the nation's top schools including Harvard, Princeton, Bryn Mawr, Vassar and Swarthmore. Princeton and the University of Pennsylvania attract the largest number of students in New Jersey because of their proximity. ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 16, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: At Ivy Club, A Trip Back to Elitism

SHOULD the members of the Ivy Club ever face the withering scrutiny of a Fifth Avenue co-op board or a Fairfield County country club, they will be well prepared.

To get into Ivy, the oldest, most expensive and most patrician eating club at Princeton University, candidates must sit for 10 one-on-one interviews with members, whose attempts to plumb their souls touch on what their parents do, where they spend summers and who their friends are.

Then the entire century-old club votes on prospects in all-night sessions. Like an English men's club, there is a blackball rule: if one of 130 members vetoes a candidate, he or she is rejected -- "hosed" in the tart campus vernacular.

Lately, more and more students are being hosed who don't fit Ivy's image as a haven for Eastern establishment, Social Register types, what one former member called "a club full of sons and daughters of C.E.O.'s."

At Princeton, where more than 80 percent of juniors and seniors eat meals in one of 11 privately owned clubs on Prospect Avenue, known as "the Street," the eating clubs dominate social life. They determine not only the students' dinner partners but also whom they socialize with on Thursday and Saturday party nights, and in some cases they can imprint a person's identity for life. ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 16, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Drug Trials Hide Conflicts for Doctors
SERIES: RESEARCH FOR HIRE -- First of two articles


When Thomas W. Parham visited his doctor in the summer of 1995, he expected just another routine checkup. But his doctor had something else in mind.

The doctor, Peter Arcan, suggested Mr. Parham might want to join a study of a new drug to shrink enlarged prostates, according to records of the encounter. Mr. Parham was puzzled -- his prostate was fine. But Dr. Arcan brushed aside the retired metal worker's questions, saying the experimental drug might prevent future problems. Satisfied, Mr. Parham, a 64-year-old resident of La Habra, Calif., agreed to participate.

But there was one question Mr. Parham did not ask: What was in it for Dr. Arcan? ...

The answer was money. The drug's maker, SmithKline Beecham P.L.C., was paying $1,610 for each patient that doctors signed up -- money that covered study expenses while allowing a portion to end up as profit for Dr. Arcan and his associates. ...

"The physician has enormous power over you," said Uwe E. Reinhardt, a health care economist at Princeton University, who himself recently agreed to participate in a clinical trial run by his doctor -- in part because he feared annoying him -- and who had no idea that money might be involved. "You want to keep his favor. If you say no, you'll worry that he may not like you." ...

Portland Press Herald
Copyright 1999 Guy Gannett Communications, Inc.
May 16, 1999, Sunday



You could have noticed the trend just by paying attention as you drove past the athletic fields at Portland's Deering High School last spring and this spring.

A year ago, Deering didn't have lacrosse teams. Now it does, and the impact has been dramatic. The school's practice and playing fields this spring are filled with boys and girls tossing, catching and shooting lacrosse balls.

But it's not just at Deering. The popularity of lacrosse, once a sport largely reserved for athletes from affluent prep schools and Ivy League colleges, is soaring. From southern Maine to Waterville and over to Farmington, lacrosse has caught fire among high school athletes who love fast-moving action and want a chance to play on a team with little fear of being cut or benched. ...

All of this brings a smile to the face of Deering girls coach Karin Kurry, who grew up in New Jersey, where Princeton University serves as a mecca of sorts for collegiate lacrosse. Kurry remembers her sister playing lacrosse for Gould Academy in 1991 against Freeport, one of the few high schools that offered the sport for girls at that time.

"Now there are 14 public schools with girls lacrosse. Players who play soccer or field hockey didn't really have an equivalent sport in the spring. Lacrosse fills that need," she said.

The Providence Journal-Bulletin
Copyright 1999 The Providence Journal Company
May 16, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Princeton's fall hurts worse-after winning three titles

PROVIDENCE - A season had never ended like this for Lorne Smith and his fellow seniors at Princeton.

Each of his first three years, the lacrosse season had ended at the NCAA championship game; it had ended with Smith and the Tigers holding the national championship trophy; it had ended in celebration.

Three years, three titles.

Smith wanted to end his collegiate career with a fourth.

Instead, it ended with a first-round loss to Syracuse yesterday at Brown Stadium. ...

Sunday Times (London)
Copyright 1999 Times Newspapers Limited
May 16, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Unmasked agents recruited from a league of gentlemen
BYLINE: Chris Hastings, Gareth Walsh and David Leppard

Privileged backgrounds unite many of those named, write Chris Hastings, Gareth Walsh and David Leppard

Tinker, tailor, soldier...viscount. Raymond Benedict Bartholomew Michael Asquith, scion of one of Britain's most famous political dynasties, found himself apparently "outed" as a spy last week after his name appeared alongside 115 others on the list of alleged MI6 officers released on the Internet. ...

Intellectuals are also prominent. Among the multiple-linguists and the polymaths is one officer, said to be based in Germany, who is a fellow of the Royal Society. He obtained a PhD at Cambridge and spent a year studying astrophysics in Munich. He has published a string of articles in learned journals across the world. Like some of his colleagues, he is a member of the United Oxford and Cambridge club.

Another, a senior MI6 director, is a Cambridge graduate and a visiting fellow of Princeton University in America. A third, now retired, is a respected naval historian. He writes book reviews and opinion pieces for the broadsheet newspapers - under a pseudonym, of course. ...

The Associated Press
State & Local Wire
May 15, 1999, Saturday

HEADLINE: Sioux Falls girl aces SAT

To some high school students, getting a perfect score on a 10-point algebra quiz is a big deal. So what Sara Lommel did in March was major.

Lommel, 17, a junior at Sioux Falls Roosevelt High School, got a perfect score on her Scholastic Aptitude Test.

According to the organization that conducts the college entrance test, only 673 students out of the 1.9 million who took it nationwide test aced it during the 1997-98 school year. Current figures weren't available.

Lommel hoped for a score of 1,450. "I told myself if I got a 1,500, I would be ecstatic."

Instead, she scored a perfect 1,600. ...

The SAT is usually required by Ivy League schools, while the ACT is required by South Dakota colleges. Lommel said she's considering attending Princeton University.

"I want to apply to Harvard to see if I can get in. Then if I get in, I won't go, just to say I turned Harvard down," she said.

Lommel said some people have given her good-natured ribbing, calling her "Miss 1,600."

The National Journal
Copyright 1999 The National Journal, Inc.

May 15, 1999

HEADLINE: For Whom the Bell Toils
BYLINE: James A. Barnes

Take a two-time failed Senate candidate, a former vice president at a Fortune 100 corporation, a Princeton University politics professor, a former television producer, and what do you get? The eclectic mix of advisers to Gary L. Bauer in his long-shot bid for the 2000 Republican presidential nomination. ...

One of the most intriguing players on Bauer's team is Robert P. George, a Princeton University professor who teaches legal and political philosophy. He is described by others in the campaign as Bauer's primary intellectual sounding board. Again, it was a connection to Bell that linked George, 43, to Bauer. In 1989, George, on leave from Princeton, was a judicial fellow at the United States Supreme Court. Bell had recently finished a scholarly book on populism and elitism, and mutual friends got them together.

Before the Bauer effort, George worked with Bell on the brief exploratory effort for former Pennsylvania Gov. Robert P. Casey, who considered challenging President Clinton for the 1996 Democratic presidential nomination. George is not an evangelical Christian, but he has published ''pro-family articles,'' and he espoused those views during his tenure on the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights during the Bush Administration. ...

New Scientist
Copyright 1999 New Scientist IPC Magazines Ltd.
May 15, 1999

HEADLINE: It's what she likes

FEMALES may be able to shape the evolution of their mates to suit their fancy, according to a study of mosquito fish.

In the wild, the females of 45 species of mosquito fish do not appear to be choosy about their mates.

But James Gould and his colleagues at Princeton University put female fish in an aquarium with models of males with exaggerated features - such as huge dorsal or tail fins - that never appear in nature.

The team found that the females spent twice as long with well-endowed males. But they stayed away from males that were oversized as a whole or had more fins than usual ("Current Biology", vol 9, p 497).

The researchers suggest that such latent female preferences, rather than a simple response to existing features, may have driven the evolution of male mating displays.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Copyright 1999 P.G. Publishing Co.
May 15, 1999, Saturday



Cleveland and the museum world has lost one of its finest directors. Robert P. Bergman, 53, died suddenly last week of a rare blood disorder. It claimed him in a shockingly brief two weeks.

The man I knew as Bob was the kind of person one thinks of when one speaks of a great museum director.

Shortly after The Cleveland Museum of Art appointed him in 1993, I had a chance to see what he had done as director of Baltimore's Walters Art Gallery from 1981 to 1993.

A New Jersey-born medievalist with a doctorate from Princeton University, Bob left the Walters, which is funded by the city, in spectacular shape following a major renovation. He later downplayed the effort: "It was done with smoke and mirrors." ...

U.S. Newswire
Copyright 1999 U.S. Newswire, Inc.
May 14, 1999

HEADLINE: Clinton Appoints Gover to American Folklife Center Board of Trustees

BODY: The President today announced his intent to appoint Kevin Gover to serve as a member of the Board of Trustees of the American Folklife Center.

Gover, of Lawton, Okla., is a member of the Pawnee Tribe and has served since November 1997 as the Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs at the Department of the Interior. In 1986, he formed his own law firm in Albuquerque, New Mexico, specializing in federal Indian, natural resource, environmental and housing law. Gover served on the Board of Directors of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Dallas, the Southwestern Association for Indian Art, and the Land and Water Fund of the Rockies. He received a B.A. degree in Public and International Affairs from Princeton University and a J.D. degree from the University of New Mexico School of Law. ...


SHOW: ABC 20/20 (10:00 pm ET)
MAY 14, 1999



BARBARA WALTERS: She is the most visible woman in the Middle East, the queen of an Arab nation. And what you may not know is she's American, born and raised -- Queen Noor of Jordan. Her name means "the light of Hussein." And by all accounts, she was the love of King Hussein's life.

I first met Queen Noor more than 20 years ago. And last month, just as she was emerging from the official days of mourning for her husband, who died in February, I was invited back into her world. It was a rare opportunity, because she gives very few interviews.

Tonight, you will hear the incredible love story of a young American woman who swept a king off his feet and learned to be a queen. ...

BARBARA WALTERS: (voice-over) Their life together began 21 years ago. I first interviewed the royal couple shortly after their wedding. He was 42. She was 26, a Princeton University graduate who grew up as Lisa Halaby and happened to fall in love with a king.

QUEEN NOOR: My first impression was the impression that most people have of him initially, which is of the extraordinary warmth and loving spirit that emanates from his eyes and through them from his entire being.

The Herald-Sun (Durham, N.C.)
Copyright 1999 The Durham Herald Co.
May 14, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: Duke paychecks stack up to 10th best in national survey of 2,600 schools

Whether they can tell by their paychecks or not, Duke University professors are about the 10th best-paid in the nation.

The average annual salary for a full professor at Duke was nearly $106,000 this academic year, according to a survey of 2,600 schools by the American Association of University Professors. Associate professors at Duke earned an average salary of about $68,700, while the average annual pay for an assistant professor was about $57,900.

According to the AAUP report, Duke pays the 10th highest salaries for full and assistant professors and the ninth highest for assistant professors.

"That's steady with where we've been over about the last five- or six-year period," Provost John Strohbehn told Duke's faculty governing body Thursday. "We seem to be fairly consistent with where we're trying to be, at all levels, with respect to salary."

Not all universities can say the same, Strohbehn said.

Princeton University, for example, pays the third-highest full professor salaries, according to the AAUP data, with an average of $115,000. But Princeton pays just the eighth-highest associate professor salaries and the 13th-highest assistant professor salaries. ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 14, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: Paid Notice: Deaths


SAYEN-William Henry "Harry". Died of heart failure at his home in Princeton, NJ on May 10th. He was 77. He is survived by his wife of 53 years, the former Isabelle Burns Guthrie of Princeton; his four sons, W. Guthrie of West Hartford, CT, David of Princeton, George, of London and Henry, of Lawrenceville, New Jersey; and his grandson Walker, of Lawrenceville. A memorial service will be held in the Princeton University Chapel at 9:30AM on Saturday, May 22. Memorial contributions may be made to Isles, 10 Wood St., Trenton, New Jersey 08618.

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 14, 1999, Friday, Late Edition - Final

HEADLINE: Paid Notice: Deaths

WHITNEY-Edward F.. On May 12, 1999. Beloved brother of Donald H. Whitney of Statesboro, GA. Devoted uncle of Peter D. Whitney of McLean, VA; Mary W. Hoch of Mt. Kisco, NY; Richard Whitney of Annapolis, MD and David Whitney of Malden, MA. He was a graduate of the Horace Mann School and Princeton University, class of 1936. A veteran of U.S. Navy, W.W. II. His career spanned more than 40 years in the controller's office with The Atlantic Mutual Insurance Companies. He was an avid athlete and sports fan who continued his sports interest and his own personal physical fitness until his passing. The family will receive friends at Frank E. Campbell, 1076 Madison Avenue at 81st Street, on Saturday, May 15 at 4 PM.

News & Record (Greensboro, NC)
Copyright 1999 News & Record
May 14, 1999, Friday


AND FURTHERMORE: Dudley junior Chris Ferguson has been invited to the NBA Players Association camp June 22-27 at Princeton University in New Jersey, an opportunity for college basketball coaches to rate rising seniors.

The Record (Bergen County, NJ)
Copyright 1999 Bergen Record Corp.
May 14, 1999; FRIDAY

SOURCE: Wire services

BYLINE: ED CONDRAN, Special to The Record

Twenty-five years ago Mary Chapin Carpenter left the Garden State for the nation's capital. And, for the most part, she has called Washington, D.C., home ever since.

"I always consider myself a Washingtonian until I'm back in the New Jersey-New York area,"Carpenter said during a recent phone conversation from her home."When I pass through there I realize that I'm from New Jersey and I have so many fond memories growing up there."

Princeton is where Carpenter, 41, came of age and it is where she will return later this month to attend her father's 50th class reunion at Princeton University. She'll also perform with her band at the soiree.

"I hope we don't freak them out,"said the Brown University alumna."We're going to learn the Princeton Tigers fight song.... I have a distinct childhood memory of the reunions. You would have these amazing men walking through the streets... These guys from like the class of 1901 would be back in town. Those were great days. I can't wait to be part of it this year." ... 

Sacramento Bee
Copyright 1999 McClatchy Newspapers, Inc.
May 14, 1999

BYLINE: Joe Davidson, Bee Staff Writer

It's game day, and for Vlade Divac and Jon Barry, that means a routine.

First the two Sacramento Kings players work out at Arco Arena. Then they absorb a few lessons in postgraduate basketball. And finally they are off for some serious grub.

The dining part of the routine makes their coaches cringe.

Burrito Supremes. Quesadillas. Light on the hot sauce, please.

Forget digesting sensible fuel on a night when the Kings can make history by eliminating the Utah Jazz in the National Basketball Association playoffs. ...

Assistant coach Pete Carril has been around basketball for 50 years. He is in the Basketball Hall of Fame for his work at Princeton University. He says this squad is the most quirky of all the groups with whom he's worked. And he isn't talking about their basketball skills. ...

Copyright 1999 The Topeka Capital-Journal
May 14, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: Levi Alfred Barnes

EMPORIA -- Levi Alfred Barnes, 79, formerly of Emporia, died Saturday, May 8, 1999, in a Colorado Springs, Colo., hospital.

Mr. Barnes served in the Air Force many years before he retired with the rank of lieutenant colonel.

He was born Jan. 4, 1920, in Emporia, the son of Loren Horace Barnes and Myrtle Estelle Loomis. He graduated from Emporia High School, and he earned a master's degree in aeronautical engineering from Princeton University. He moved to Colorado Springs, Colo., 38 years ago. ...

The Washington Post
Copyright 1999 The Washington Post
May 14, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: Editorial Editor Meg Greenfield Dies; For More Than 30 Years, Opinion Writer Honed Post's Views

BYLINE: J.Y. Smith, Special to The Washington Post

Meg Greenfield, 68, the Pulitzer Prize-winning editor of the editorial page of The Washington Post and a columnist for Newsweek magazine, died of cancer yesterday at her home in Washington. ...

Greenfield was a past co-chair of the Pulitzer Prize board, and she was a member of the American Society of Newspaper Editors. She held honorary degrees from Smith College, Williams College, Georgetown University, Wesleyan University and Princeton University. ...

AP Online
Copyright 1999 Associated Press
May 13, 1999; Thursday

HEADLINE: Univ. of Chicago Courses Go Online

The University of Chicago will soon become one of the first major universities to offer business courses to corporate managers via the Internet, according to a report in today's Chicago Tribune.

Citing the potential to gain revenue of at least $20 million in the next five years, university officials say they will soon sign a contract with, a Deerfield-based online education firm.

The plan calls for professors from the university's graduate business school and potentially the Graham School of General Studies and the university's Little Red Schoolhouse writing programs to develop courses that would be sold to companies to use for employee training. ...

Then there's the question of who has rights to the material provided on the Web and, thus, the profits.

At Princeton University, a discussion of whether professors should have exclusive rights to material they produce on the Web has led to a pending written policy.

''I think some professors are cognizant of the potential to make a significant amount of money from these projects,'' said Mary Caffrey, a Princeton spokeswoman.

Asbury Park Press (Neptune, NJ.)
Copyright 1999 Asbury Park Press, Inc.
May 13, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: TV host to speak at graduation

WEST LONG BRANCH - Tim Russert, host of NBC's "Meet the Press," will receive an honorary degree and give the commencement address at Monmouth University's 65th graduation ceremony next week.

Russert will join 1,000 graduating Monmouth University students and three other recipients of honorary doctorates who are scheduled to receive their degrees from university President Rebecca Stafford at 1:30 p.m. Wednesday on the Great Lawn.

State Sen. Joseph A. Palaia, R-Monmouth; Bloomberg Financial Markets founder Michael R. Bloomberg; and Pulitzer Prize-winning author and Civil War scholar James M. McPherson are the others receiving honorary degrees. ...

McPherson has written more than a dozen books and hundreds of articles, essays and book chapters on the Civil War and has taught on the subject at Princeton University for more than 30 years.

Asbury Park Press (Neptune, NJ.)
Copyright 1999 Asbury Park Press, Inc.
May 13, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Shore Hall of Fame inducts 17


FREEHOLD - They Jersey Shore Sports Hall of Fame welcomed 17 athletes into its Class of 1999 during its ninth annual awards dinner last night at Freehold Raceway, bringing the Hall's membership to 183.

* Bill Carmody, a St. Rose High School graduate who went on to basketball stardom at Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., and had a long stint as assistant to coach Pete Carril at Princeton before taking the head coaching reins and leading the 1997-98 Tigers to the Ivy League title and the NCAA Tournament.

The Columbus Dispatch
Copyright 1999 The Columbus Dispatch
May 13, 1999, Thursday

BYLINE: Dispatch Schools Reporter

Upper Arlington High School senior Dan Stover is one of 20 students nationwide -- and the only one in Ohio -- to be selected to USA Today's 13th-annual All-USA High School Academic First Team.

"These students are truly an example of outstanding scholarship, intellectual achievement and leadership,'' said Karen Jurgensen, editor of USA Today. ...

Stover is the son of Steve and Mary Stover.

After graduation, he plans to attend Princeton University and pursue a career in molecular biology and medicine. ...

The Ottawa Citizen
Copyright 1999 Southam Inc.
May 13, 1999

HEADLINE: The 'real' Einstein revealed
BYLINE: Tony Atherton

With a bow to Witness to Yesterday -- Patrick Watson's 1970s series which brought the dead back to life to face a modern-day TV interviewer -- a 1996 docudrama gives TV viewers a chance to get personal with the most renowned scientist of the 20th Century.

Einstein Revealed, shown in two parts tonight and tomorrow at 9 on Discovery, gets behind the iconic figure of Albert Einstein to give us a sense of what he was really like. ...

One might argue with the way the film panders to our latter-day fascination with titillating facts about famous people. It reveals Einstein as, among other things, a man who treated his wife like an employee, paid little attention to his children, and was not averse to the company of younger women.

But it also looks at his early trouble in school, his decision to flee Nazi Germany in 1933, and his years of exile at Princeton University before his death at age 76 in 1955. The interview segments are punctuated by well-chosen archival material. ...

PR Newswire
Copyright 1999 PR Newswire Association, Inc.
May 13, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Dow Directors Elected at Annual Meeting

Stockholders at The Dow Chemical Company's (NYSE: DOW) 102nd Annual Meeting today re-elected five candidates to the company's Board of Directors. Frank P. Popoff, chairman of the board, made the announcement during the proceedings. Elected to serve three-year terms were:

* Harold T. Shapiro, president of Princeton University. He also serves as trustee and chairman of the board of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and trustee of the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, The Universities Research Association and the Educational Testing Service.

The Providence Journal-Bulletin
Copyright 1999 The Providence Journal Company
May 13, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Art - Newport Art Museum has constructed a fine tribute to architect Francis Comstock
BYLINE: BILL VAN SICLEN; Journal Arts Writer

Rhode Islanders may remember Francis Adams Comstock as a former director of the Newport Restoration Foundation, the preservation group founded by Newport heiress Doris Duke. But Comstock, who died in 1981, was also a noted architect, art historian, draftsman and calligrapher.

It's this part of Comstock's career that the Newport Art Museum explores in An Architect's Eye: The Artistic Vision of Francis Adams Comstock. In particular, the show focuses on the finely rendered landscapes and architectural studies Comstock made during his trips to the Cotswolds Q a scenic swath of west-central England known for its quaint villages, gently rolling hills and distinctive thatched-roof cottages.

Comstock's interest in the area began as a child, when he discovered the work of English etcher (and Cotswolds resident) Frederick L. Griggs in a British gardening magazine. Later, after graduating from Princeton University, he traveled to England and met Griggs in person. ...

Copyright 1999 Gannett Company, Inc.
May 13, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Latest Ford in charge drives for legacy Tenacity, vision help set new tone
BYLINE: Micheline Maynard

About William Clay Ford Jr.

Born: 1957, Detroit, son of William Clay Ford Sr. and Martha Firestone Ford.

Three sisters: Martha, Sheila and Elizabeth.

Education: Bachelor of Arts in political science, Princeton University; MBA, Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Sloan School of Management.

Career: Joined Ford Motor in 1979. Jobs included managing director, Ford of Switzerland; executive director of business strategy for automotive operations; vice president, commercial truck vehicle center; general manager of climate control division. Served as a bargainer in Ford-United Auto Workers contract talks. Became a Ford Motor board member in 1988. Left Ford Motor in 1994 to become vice chairman of family-owned Detroit Lions National Football League team. Ford Motor chairman since Jan. 1.