Princeton in the News

May 6 to 12, 1999

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Copyright 1999 AAP Information Services Pty. Ltd.
May 12, 1999, Wednesday

 HEADLINE: World News In Brief

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan, May 11 AP - A scholar, who once was accused of plotting to kidnap former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Eqbal Ahmad, died in Pakistan today. He was 67 years old.

Born in Bihar in India in 1932, Ahmad came to Pakistan in 1947 when his new homeland was created from a larger India by the British who agreed to give the Asian subcontinent its independence.

After graduating from Princeton University in the United States, Ahmad remained in the US to teach and participate in the US civil rights movement.

Later he was a strong demonstrator against the Vietnam War. ...

The Dallas Morning News
Copyright 1999 The Dallas Morning News
May 12, 1999, Wednesday

HEADLINE: BIG MINDS ON CAMPUS;Kids who letter academically deserve a jacket atleast
SOURCE: Staff Writer of The Dallas Morning News
BYLINE: Steve Steinberg

The high school letter jacket isn't what it used to be.

Many people would say it's better.

Where athletes used to be the only ones who could win the officially sanctioned glory, today's academic achievers are winning letters other than the A's on their report cards.

The scholastic letters carry as much weight as the athletic awards. "When students receive an award for academics, there's as much of a celebration around here as winning a state championship," says Juanita Simmons, dean of the humanities/communications magnet at Lincoln High School in Dallas. ...


Deceptively casual, Patrick is a ferocious scholar. This year he took advanced-placement courses in physics, calculus, U.S. government, economics, English and computer science. He is active in science club, National Honor Society and student congress, and won his UIL science district competition.

Seeking a career in aerospace engineering, he'll attend Princeton University. "I wanted a school with a strong engineering program, but also strong liberal arts if I change my mind," he says.

This summer, he's seeking a science or law internship, and will captain Plano's team at the national Whiz Quiz tournament - a College Bowl for high schoolers - in Washington, D.C. in June

Patrick studies three to seven hours a night, but likes to kick back with classic rock - Creedence Clearwater Revival, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Tom Petty. He enjoys military history and Tom Clancy novels; he loves hiking and would like to golf more if he had the time.

"I was kind of an elementary school jock who lost it," he grins.

Inter Press Service
Copyright 1999 Inter Press Service
May 12, 1999, Wednesday

BYLINE: By Beena Sarwar

Eqbal Ahmed, a scholar and political analyst, who was active in the civil rights movement in the United States and worked with Frantz Fanon during the liberation war in Algeria against the French, passed away in Pakistan.

Ahmed, who was born in Bihar state, India and in 1947 left with his brothers for the newly created state of Pakistan, died early yesterday in an Islamabad-hospital where he was operated upon on May 7 for cancer of the colon and suffered two heart attacks.

He was buried this morning in the presence of his family, many friends and admirers even as condolence messages poured in from all over the world.

"In Eqbal's death, Pakistan has lost possibly its most prescient and insightful observer of society and politics," wrote the Dawn, the country's oldest English-language newspaper in a report on the front-page. ...

Among his close personal friends outside Pakistan are Noam Chomsky, Howard Zinn and Edward W. Said, all radical academics like Ahmed whose teaching career spanned from Princeton to the University of Illinois, Cornell and Hampshire College in Amherst, Massachusetts from where he retired in October 1997. ...

The New York Post
Copyright 1999 N.Y.P. Holdings, Inc.
May 12, 1999, Wednesday


NEARLY 15 years after it played in movie theaters, the Chevy Chase comedy "Fletch" has become a cult phenomenon - especially on college campuses.

There are fraternities and clubs at top schools like Georgetown with membership limited to those who can pass a "Fletch" test.

There are dozens of "Fletch" sites on the Web. And there are young men all over the country who believe there's a "Fletch" quote appropriate for every situation. ...

He recounts being told by Disney honcho Michael Eisner that a Princeton University dining club requires its prospective members have the whole movie memorized. ...

University Wire
Copyright 1999 Daily Princetonian
May 12, 1999

HEADLINE: Princeton U. ROTC begins campaign to raise relief for Kosovar refugees
BYLINE: By Jennifer Chang, Daily Princetonian
DATELINE: Princeton , N.J.

As Albanian refugees continue to arrive at Fort Dix Army base, the Princeton Reserve Officer Training Corps has organized an effort to collect clothing, furniture and other household needs to be sent to the refugees.

According to Lieutenant Colonel Matthew McCarville, director of the Army Office Education Program at the University, approximately 4,000 Kosovar refugees are expected to be hosted at Fort Dix, where they will live in basic training barracks for two to six weeks before being taken in by host families across the country. ...

AP Worldstream
Copyright 1999 Associated Press
May 11, 1999; Tuesday

HEADLINE: Former anti-war activist dies at 67

Eqbal Ahmad, an anti-war scholar once accused of plotting to kidnap former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, died in Pakistan on Tuesday. He was 67.

A professor and founding member of the Institute for Policy Studies in Washington D.C., Ahmad returned to his home in Pakistan after retiring two years ago.

Born in Bihar in India in 1932, Ahmad arrived in Pakistan in 1947 following independence from Britain.

After graduating from Princeton University, Ahmad remained in the United States to teach and became active in the civil rights movement. ...

The Boston Herald
Copyright 1999 Boston Herald Inc.
May 11, 1999 Tuesday

HEADLINE: Lawmaker hopeful on wage hike

The House sponsor of a bill to hike the state's minimum wage by $1.50 over the next three years says Speaker Thomas Finneran has softened his stance on the issue and that some sort of increase is likely this year.

"I think the speaker recognizes that we will increase the minimum wage this year," Rep. James Marzilli (D-Arlington) said yesterday. "The question is by how much and whether it will be tied to inflation." ...

One reason for Marzilli's optimism could be that opposition from business leaders appears to be softening amid the state's booming economy. Also, he noted, recent studies, including one by two Princeton University professors, show that moderate minimum wage hikes do not result in increased unemployment. ...

Business Wire
Copyright 1999 Business Wire, Inc.
May 11, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: Mitsubishi Display Products Receives DisplayMate Imaging Award; 21-Inch Monitor Listed as Industry's Best Aperture Grille


May 11, 1999--Mitsubishi Display Products, creator of the industry's broadest line of award-winning monitor and projection products, has been recognized with one of the display industry's highest honors.

SONERA Technologies has given Mitsubishi's Diamond Pro 2020u the top spot on its Video Reference Hardware Guide as the Best Aperture Grille Computer Monitor. SONERA Technologies is the developer and publisher of the DisplayMate video testing utilities and is the world's foremost source for incisive and objective testing and evaluation of video image and picture quality. ...

"Mitsubishi is really perfecting CRT electron optics with the Diamond Pro 2020u," said Dr. Raymond Soneira, the developer of DisplayMate and president of SONERA Technologies. "It is an impressive flat-screen CRT monitor with outstanding image quality and has been chosen as the best aperture-grille computer monitor for the DisplayMate Video Reference Hardware Guide, our compendium of the very best display products available." ...

Soneira, the developer of DisplayMate, is an internationally recognized research scientist with a distinguished career in physics, computer science and television system design. Soneira obtained his Ph.D. in physics from Princeton University. ...

The Canberra Times
Copyright 1999 The Federal Capital Press of Australia
May 11, 1999, Tuesday Edition


PETER SINGER, the bright Jewish boy from Melbourne, the ambitious grandson of Holocaust victims, has made the big time. Just appointed to a chair in philosophy at Princeton University, Singer is now easily Australia's most famous philosopher.

In Germany, Austria and now the United States, the anti-euthanasists protest against him, but the discriminating folk who control the richly endowed philosophy chairs in the Ivy League regard Singer as the fountainhead of bioethics. His enemies see him as a refined philosophical Nazi, his friends as just refined. Unlike many of his academic rivals, Singer is a genuinely idiosyncratic thinker. ...

Where other philosophers ponder metaphysics truth, free will, causality Singer writes about hens in battery cages, the cruelty of the Draize test on eyes, and the evils of speciesism. ...

Singer has given the animal world its own philosophy. He is Voltaire for the apes. And now, like Moses, he (and others such as the legal philosopher Ronald Dworkin) wants to give humans a new ethics of life and death by changing the Judeo-Christian commandments relating to life and death.

This is what all the fuss is about regarding his new appointment. Singer wants to change our deepest ethical values about the sanctity of human life, clear them up, put them into shape, make sense of things so that everything works. He wants an ethical revolution equivalent to the Copernican revolution in physics.

Developments in medical technology have brought this about, Singer argues, along with the need for humans to have greater control over their lives. Singer also wants to help animals turn the table on humans: ethical revolution is also a condition for animal liberation. Only when humans see themselves as equal to animals will they respect them.

Singer argues that under certain circumstances it is ethically proper to kill innocent humans and, what is worse in the eyes of his critics, that some animals are worthier of life than some humans who may lack the same capacity for experience or feeling or emotion. The parents of severely deformed children, for example, should have the right to allow their child to die if its prospects for a life of quality are limited. ...

National Post
(formerly The Financial Post)
Copyright 1999 Financial Post from National Post
May 11, 1999 Tuesday

HEADLINE: Branding the online culture: Meg Whitman, chief executive of Web auction house eBay, is one of a new generation of executives that are to technology what McDonald's founder Ray Kroc was to fast food in the early 1960s

BYLINE: Laura M. Holson

In a Valley of unexpected millionaires, Meg Whitman is the unlikeliest of billionaires.

Ms. Whitman recalls the day in November, 1997, that a headhunter urged her to leave her comfortable job promoting Teletubbies at Hasbro Inc. The proposition: to head up a no-name Silicon Valley startup that needed a chief executive. Her answer was 'No.'

Like legions of graduates coming out of elite business schools in the late 1970s, Ms. Whitman had taken her Harvard MBA and slipped quietly into a successful career at a blue-chip consulting firm. She later moved to corporate America, happy to work for the likes of Walt Disney Co. and Stride Rite Corp.

So it would take more than Internet stock options in a company she had never heard of for Ms. Whitman to give up the peaceful life she enjoyed with her husband and two sons in Boston.

That was until Ms. Whitman visited the cramped San Jose, Calif., offices of eBay Inc., the person-to-person Web auction community that was already attracting a following so devout it bordered on the cultish. After a few days being wooed by venture capitalists and hearing the testimonials of users so addicted they slipped out of business meetings to monitor their auctions, Ms. Whitman was hooked. ...

Ms. Whitman never planned on a Web career. After a summer selling advertising for her college magazine at Princeton University, she switched from pre-med studies and graduated with an economics degree in 1977. She got her MBA from Harvard Business School two years later, and briefly worked at Procter & Gamble Co. before moving to San Francisco in 1981 with her husband, Griffith Harsh, who landed a neurosurgery residency at the University of California at San Francisco. ...

NOTE: This story first appeared in The New York Times.

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 11, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: Foreign Affairs; Steady as She Goes

Is everybody done now?

Jesse Jackson, are you done making a fool of yourself, praying together with the demented Serbian leader and mucking up American policy by flying into Belgrade to get out three U.S. P.O.W.'s -- as if they should be our top priority now? Network and cable television, have you shown us enough footage of the U.S. P.O.W.'s, telling us about each scratch they got and how they spent their days? Will you also keep us posted when they sign their book contracts and announce their Web sites? Chinese protesters, have you gotten it all out of your systems, or would you like us to really set off a riot outside the U.S. Embassy in Beijing by announcing no more visas to America for Chinese?

Can we get back to the war now? ...

"The blunt truth is that since NATO's bombings began, more Serbs than ever support the regime's actions in Kosovo," wrote Mark Mazower, a Princeton University European expert, in The Washington Post. "Hatred of Albanians is not something invented by Milosevic; it has deep roots in Serbian political culture. . . . The majority of Serb intellectuals are not liberals where Kosovo is concerned. The prevailing popular mood is an intense, if shortsighted, Serb nationalism -- resentful and narcissistic, claiming victimhood for itself and indifferent to the sufferings of the real victims of the past few months and years." ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 11, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: A New Turn in Defense of Affirmative Action


All over the campus of the University of Michigan, the signs of a racially and ethnically eclectic student body abound.

The student union is home to the Asubuhi ("morning" in Swahili) Multicultural Lounge. The bulletin board outside lists 49 ethnic organizations. In the cafeteria, Pedro Cox-Alomar, a black Hispanic junior from San Juan, P.R., shares breakfast with his buddy Karl Benkert, white, from rural Michigan.

The university's officials say it is no accident that racial and ethnic minorities account for more than 25 percent of its 36,000 students, a statistic that makes this the most diverse of any large institution of higher learning in the Midwest. The mix results from aggressive recruitment of minorities and, in some cases, advantages to black and Hispanic applicants in the highly competitive admissions process. ...

The institution's policy is now the target of two lawsuits by a total of three rejected white applicants, all turned down, they say, because of their race. So has the University of Michigan become yet another front in the war over affirmative action, following the rollback of race-conscious admissions policies at universities in California and Texas. ...

The nature of Michigan's defense stems from an emerging strategy by affirmative action's supporters to make an empirical case for it, rather than a purely anecdotal or intuitive one. The university's research follows a survey issued last fall by two former Ivy League presidents, William G. Bowen of Princeton and Derek Bok of Harvard, that was based on the records and experiences of 45,000 students over 20 years at 28 elite colleges around the country. The Bowen-Bok research concluded that affirmative action policies at those colleges had created the backbone of the black middle class and taught white classmates the value of integration. ...

The Washington Post
Copyright 1999 The Washington Post
May 11, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: HEART DISEASE; Two Personal Accounts
BYLINE: Ann Waldron

Quit smoking. Quit drinking. Cut down on fats. Eat more fruits and vegetables. Exercise regularly. Keep your weight down. Take vitamins. If you do all this, you won't have heart disease, right?

Wrong. At least in my case.

It's been almost 40 years since I began my crusade for good health. We were living in Tallahassee, Fla., and I was reading--with terror--floods of articles about the dangers of cigarette smoking. ...

I quit smoking. It was probably the hardest thing I ever did, but I did it. Cold turkey, chills, fever, the whole bit. But I quit. That was Step 1 toward a more healthy lifestyle. ...

Step 3 came in 1991 when I was living in Princeton , N.J. I decided to quit eating fat. I combed cookbooks for fat-free recipes; I ate Snackwells by the ton; I became almost a vegetarian. I lost weight easily, plummeting 24 pounds down to 130.

Every doctor I saw was ecstatic, praising my fitness, my weight and my muscles. (My primary care physician, cardiologist John F. Hagaman, said I had the only normal heartbeat in his practice.)

My health problems began on May 5, 1997, when I fell down on the sidewalk in New York. I tore the cartilage in my left knee and broke a tooth.

This accident left me bedridden for a month, but it also had a beneficial effect: I quit drinking. I had no choice--I couldn't get alcohol down to save my life--and later I decided I'd quit for good. My weight went down to 112. But I still had pain in my leg. Finally, after I insisted on an MRI that revealed the torn cartilage, my doctor agreed to perform an arthroscopy to repair it.

During the pre-op tests for this procedure, an alert young doctor detected a bruit, or murmur, in my left carotid artery that supplies blood to the brain and ordered an ultrasound. It revealed that the artery was 99 percent occluded, or almost completely blocked, with plaque.

So a week after the arthroscopy, I went through an endarterectomy and had my left carotid artery scraped out. ...

Then in February of this year, I was swimming happily in Dillon Gym at Princeton University when I felt a tightness in my throat and chest.

So this is it, I thought, the big H. ...

Four weeks later I got the stress test, and I thought it was going to kill me.

"My chest really hurts," I whined from the treadmill. The doctor looked at the EKG, tore off the paper and stopped the treadmill. "It looks like coronary artery disease," he said. A subsequent angiogram showed three blocked coronary arteries. ...

Now it's recovery time.

As I reflect on the past 40 years, I try to make sense of it all. Would I have done just as well if I had kept on smoking and drinking? If I had never bothered to exercise and never lost weight? I don't know.

But I'll tell you this: I'm glad I embarked on a health regime, for its own sake.

Each component of my health program seems worth it: I don't have to hunt for ashtrays, I exercise enough not to have to take sleeping pills, I love being a size 6 or 8 instead of a 12 or 14. ...

Author Ann Waldron lives in Princeton , N.J. Recovering from bypass surgery in March, Ann Waldron is now walking more than a mile a day around her neighborhood.

Copyright 1999 Seattle Post-Intelligencer
May 10, 1999, Monday

BYLINE: Linda Stern Columnist

Classics are classic for a reason.

Especially in the world of money books, where hundreds of financial and investment volumes are published every year. ...

One such classic is "A Random Walk Down Wall Street" by Burton Malkiel, published originally in 1973 and updated and republished every few years since. Recently revised for the seventh time (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1999), the book still offers a comprehensive course in the science of investing.

Malkiel, a Princeton University economics professor, walks the reader, not so randomly, through the history of the stock market. He explains, with a clarity and simplicity that do not seem particularly professorial, the various theories of stock market success.

There is the strict valuation theory that holds that you can make a lot of money if you only buy bargain-priced stocks. Value buyers believe that the market is 90 percent logic and 10 percent emotion, Malkiel says. ...

Business Week
Copyright 1999 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
May 10, 1999

BYLINE: By Richard A. Melcher in Chicago and Aaron Bernstein in Washington

HIGHLIGHT: A new scholarship fund heats up the debate over vouchers

Quantina Samuels, a single mother of two honor students in Washington, D.C.,'s public schools, is proud of her offspring. But she wishes they could have the attention she knows private schools lavish on their pupils. ''I want someone to treat my children with concern, to push them,'' says Samuels, a medical secretary.

Until late April, the promise of private schools was no more than a dream. Now, Samuels can hardly believe her good fortune. Thanks to the largesse of financier Theodore J. Forstmann and investor John T. Walton, Samuels' children will join some 40,000 other kids from low-income families to receive around $1,000 a year over the next four years for private or parochial schools. ...

It's not clear that breaking up the public-school monopoly is a solution for the country's most troubled schools, however. In Milwaukee, surveys show parents and students are pleased with vouchers, which are being extended to allow 15,000 students to attend religious schools. But the evidence is inconclusive on whether the voucher students actually do better academically. In fact, a study by Princeton University economist Cecilia Rouse shows that low-income kids in public schools with smaller class size and more parental involvement outperform voucher pupils in reading and equal them in math. ...

Business Week
Copyright 1999 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
May 10, 1999

BYLINE: By Ian Katz in Sao Paulo, with Laura Cohn in Washington, D.C.

HIGHLIGHT: New Central Bank boss Fraga is wowing investors-for now

It was a whirlwind week for Arminio Fraga. On Apr. 21, Brazil's Central Bank president raced around New York, smooth-talking investment bankers about the improving financial condition of Latin America's largest economy. The next day, Fraga oversaw the government's triumphant return to the international capital markets after a year -- a $2 billion offering of five-year bonds. Then it was off to Washington to brief Federal Reserve Board Chairman Alan Greenspan and U.S. Treasury Secretary Robert E. Rubin. ''I'm a bit surprised by the speed [of the recovery], but not the outcome,'' Fraga told business executives in Washington.

Brazil is gaining in confidence again, and Fraga is leading the way. Since his appointment on Mar. 3, he has been the man in the hot seat, the person most responsible for pulling Brazil back from the brink after Russia's collapse last year shocked emerging markets around the world. ...

Fraga had credentials in spades: a Princeton University PhD in economics and real-world experience at Salomon Brothers and Brazil's Garantia investment bank, as well as Soros. ...

Business Wire
Copyright 1999 Business Wire, Inc.
May 10, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: International Rectifier Announces Change to Single CEO


May 10, 1999--International Rectifier Corp. (NYSE:IRF) Monday announced its change to a new organizational structure with a single chief executive officer, Alex Lidow.

Derek Lidow, who served as co-chief executive officer, will leave the company effective June 15 and will continue to serve International Rectifier as a member of the board of directors and in a consulting capacity as he pursues other professional interests.

Exiting CEO Derek Lidow noted: "The co-CEO structure played a key role in executing a successful transition, through periods of unprecedented demand, volatile market conditions, intense competition, and rapidly evolving technology. ...

Derek Lidow joined International Rectifier in 1977. Advancing through a variety of sales, marketing and operations positions, he was named chief executive officer in 1995. He received a B.S.E. degree summa cum laude in electrical engineering from Princeton University in 1973 and attended Stanford University as a Hertz Foundation Fellow, earning a Ph.D. in applied physics at age 22. ...

Electronics Times
Copyright 1999 Miller Freeman PLC
May 10, 1999

HEADLINE: State-of-the-art in information displa
By Luke Collins

The first fruits of Cambridge Display Technology's (CDT's) collaboration with inkjet printer maker Seiko-Epson will be shown off at the Society for Information Display's (SID) annual conference in San Jose next week. ...

Meanwhile, a large US team is working on improving the de-sign of the basic pixel for a polysilicon-driven active matrix (AM) OLED display.

But what is most significant about the work is the team undertaking it, which involves Sarnoff and Princeton University in New Jersey; Planar America in Beaverton, Oregon; and Eastman Kodak in Rochester, New York. ...

The New Republic
Copyright 1999 The New Republic, Inc.
MAY 10, 1999

HOME NEWS: In the commotion over TNR's new look, we neglected to welcome several new contributing editors: Akhil Reed Amar, Southmayd Professor of Law at Yale Law School and author most recently of The Bill of Rights: Creation and Reconstruction (Yale University Press); Anthony Grafton, Dodge Professor of History at Princeton University and author most recently of The Footnote: A Curious History (Harvard University Press); Tony Judt, Erich Maria Remarque Professor of European Studies at New York University and author most recently of The Burden of Responsibility: Blum, Camus, Aron, and the French Twentieth Century (University of Chicago Press); Sherwin B. Nuland, Clinical Professor of Surgery at Yale University and author most recently of The Wisdom of the Body (Knopf); Cass R. Sunstein, the Karl N. Llewellyn Distinguished Service Professor of Jurisprudence in the law school and department of political science at the University of Chicago, and author most recently of One Case at a Time: Judicial Minimalism on the Supreme Court (Harvard University Press); and Margaret Talbot, until very recently a senior editor here and now a senior fellow at the New America Foundation. All these appointments will come as no surprise: our new contributing editors are regular contributors, and so they will continue to be.

The Record (Bergen County, NJ)
Copyright 1999 Bergen Record Corp.
May 10, 1999; MONDAY


RANSOM E. NOBLE, 89, of Ridgewood died Saturday. Before retiring in 1975, he was a history teacher and dean of the faculty of liberal studies at the Pratt Institute, Brooklyn. He received a master's degree and a doctorate from Princeton University. Arrangements: C. C. Van Emburgh, Ridgewood.

The Washington Post
Copyright 1999 The Washington Post

May 10, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: Ralph Lindstrom Dies; Foreign Service Officer

Ralph E. Lindstrom, 74, a retired Foreign Service officer whose assignments included acting ambassador in Nairobi and deputy chief of mission in Moscow, died of a stroke May 7 at his home in Washington. ...

Mr. Lindstrom, a native of Anoka, Minn., served in the Army and Navy during and at the end of World War II. He then graduated from Harvard University and studied economics at Princeton University.

Copyright 1999 South Bend Tribune Corporation
May 9, 1999, Sunday MICHIGAN

HEADLINE: Brademas encourages grads to think for selves

SOUTH BEND -- Words of advice uttered nearly 50 years ago by Albert Einstein were evoked Saturday for the benefit of Holy Cross College's Class of 1999.

John Brademas recalled meeting Einstein at a gathering in 1950 at Princeton University.

Einstein was asked what he had to tell the group of young men.

"I think the most important thing is that they think for themselves," the famous physicist replied.

"Isn't learning to think for oneself the whole point of a liberal arts education?" asked Brademas on Saturday. Brademas, president emeritus of New York University and former congressman from Indiana's 3rd District, was the speaker at the 32nd annual Holy Cross commencement ceremony. ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 9, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Family Politics

BYLINE: By Aaron L. Friedberg; Aaron L. Friedberg is a professor of politics and international affairs at Princeton University.

Madeleine Albright
A Twentieth-Century Odyssey.
By Michael Dobbs.
Illustrated. 466 pp. New York: Henry Holt & Company. $27.50.

Madeleine K. Albright, 64th Secretary of State and the first woman ever to hold the position, was born on May 15, 1937, in Prague. Although not religiously observant, her parents, Josef Korbel and Anna Spiegel, were both Jews. In 1938, shortly after the Nazis seized the western portion of his country, Korbel was dismissed from the Czechoslovak foreign service. Less than a year later, German troops occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia. Madeleine and her immediate family were able to escape to England. Of those relatives left behind, virtually all, including three grandparents and at least 23 aunts, uncles and cousins, perished in the Holocaust. ...

As a child, Madeleine was not told of her Jewish roots; her relatives, she learned, had simply died during the war. Despite her subsequent professional interest in Czechoslovak history, she claims never to have probed into her own background. It was only in February 1997, after The Washington Post's diplomatic correspondent, Michael Dobbs, published a profile of the new Secretary of State, that Albright says she learned the details of her remarkable and tragic family story.

"Madeleine Albright," Dobbs's illuminating and generally evenhanded biography, makes a strong, albeit circumstantial, case that Albright has not been entirely candid on this point. ...

If Albright did not know more about her background before Dobbs published his story, it was, he suggests, because she did not want to know. ..

What difference does any of this make and, in particular, what light does it shed on Albright's performance as a public official? Dobbs does not really answer this question directly, but his treatment of her ascent suggests two possibilities. On the one hand, Albright appears in his account to be a highly ambitious, intelligent but not especially reflective person. ...

The second view of Albright is not inconsistent with the first, but it is somewhat more flattering. As the Clinton Administration's chief delegate to the United Nations and, more recently, as Secretary of State, Albright has distinguished herself primarily through her advocacy of the use of American power to prevent the mass murder of innocent civilians in Rwanda, Bosnia and Kosovo. ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 9, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: JERSEY FOOTLIGHTS: ... Princeton University has named its first musical ensemble in residence: the Brentano String Quartet. The Manhattan-based group, which has performed at Richardson Auditorium on campus, officially begins its three-year residency with a concert on Sept. 25 but is also scheduled to play this summer in the Princeton summer chamber concerts. . . .

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 9, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: The Nation; Where Joblessness Is a Way of Making a Living


WHEN Olivier Blanchard, a liberal economist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, is asked why unemployment rates are higher in Europe than in the United States, he likes to tell audiences about a pamphlet he saw in a British library: "Leaving School: What You Need to Know About Social Security."

His point: Europe's cradle-to-grave safety net means not only that being out of work has become a viable way of making a living, but that there is no longer much stigma attached to joblessness. That goes a long way in explaining the contrast between America's current jobs boom and the contrasting jobs bust in Europe. ...

The flaws of the welfare state are compounded by other forms of government intervention, says Alan B. Krueger, an economist at Princeton University. One important reason American workers get hired at such surprising rates is that it's much easier to start new businesses in the United States. In Austria, Professor Krueger says, someone who wants to open a pharmacy must get permission from the other drugstores in town. ...

Omaha World-Herald
Copyright 1999 The Omaha World-Herald Company

May 9, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Acing SAT, ACT Gives Elite Few a Winning Hand


Brianna Germer discovered an unwritten rule during a recent visit to Stanford University: You don't talk about your test scores.

So the Lincoln East senior didn't brag about her perfect 1600 SAT score when she toured Stanford. After all, she said, it wasn't that big of a deal, considering the company she was keeping - scores of other high-achieving prospective students and a Nobel Prize-winning physicist. ...

A perfect ACT and a straight-A record helped Carl Galloway, a senior at Fremont (Neb.) High School, earn a full-ride scholarship to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, where he plans to study science and math for a career in medicine.

Germer won't get nearly as much money for Stanford. Instead, as one of a handful of presidential scholars, she is awarded a $3,000 research grant.

Ben Haskell's perfect ACT helped earn him thousands of scholarship dollars to UNL. The Omaha North senior chose Princeton University instead, where he plans to major in chemical engineering.

"When people introduce me, they say, 'He got a 36,'" Haskell said. "Everyone is really supportive." ...

"A lot of people assume you'll get in," he said. "I got into my first choice. I think I concentrated on Princeton more than the others."

The Seattle Times
Copyright 1999 The Seattle Times Company
May 09, 1999


Paperback pick of the week

"Invisible Writer: A Biography of Joyce Carol Oates," by Greg Johnson (Plume, $15.95). Award-winning novelist Joyce Carol Oates is one of our most incisive chroniclers of American class conflict and social disorder. She's also endlessly prolific, leaving newcomers to her work wondering where to start. Longtime admirers, amazed by how often she pulls off a masterstroke, want to know how she does it. They'll also wonder why a lifelong academic (Oates is now a professor at Princeton University) should be drawn to writing such churning, rowdy, physical books. Greg Johnson, in this briskly readable and informative biography, offers a useful overview of the Oates oeuvre and goes a long way toward explaining how it came into being. Oates, we learn, doesn't like to eat, sleep or go on vacation. She has punished her body to the point of anorexia, in order to get on with the work at hand. She also has a chronic heart problem, tachycardia, that has added urgency to her efforts to get her books down on paper. ...

The Washington Post
Copyright 1999 The Washington Post
May 09, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: More Than Milosevic

BYLINE: Mark Mazower

Is the West being held at bay in the Balkans by just one man? To judge from the rhetoric, all that stands between us and a better world is Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic. This embodiment of wickedness has been demonized by the press and compared by policy makers to Saddam Hussein, Adolf Hitler and every other evildoer in history. President Clinton has assured the Serbian people that NATO's quarrel is not with them, but with their leaders. Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright went so far as to broadcast the same message to the Serbians in their own language. Shame that in Belgrade itself it seems to have fallen on deaf ears.

In our preoccupation with Milosevic we should bear in mind a few words of wisdom from World War II. In the dark days of 1940, the British political philosopher Michael Oakeshott warned of the liberal tendency in the West always to identify the enemy as the single tyrant--be he Roman despot or the modern dictator--as though, with him out of the way, the cause of freedom and virtue would march on triumphantly. As Oakeshott noted, this is a very convenient way of looking at politics, for it allows us to go on believing that everyone else, including the dictator's unfortunate subjects, shares our values. Remove the Hitlers, this way of thinking goes, and everything will turn out fine.

Only the real world doesn't work that way. We avidly read about the tyrants of the past, and see their insane ravings as the cause of the world's ills. We comfort ourselves by regarding them as madmen, forgetting the millions who followed them and obeyed their orders and did not believe they were mad. ...

Mark Mazower, who teaches history at Princeton University, is the author of "Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century" (Knopf). Belgrade fire: "Serbia has more Sindjelics, Bojovics, Tepics," referring to the names of Serbian war heroes.

Copyright 1999 Telegraph Group Limited
May 08, 1999, Saturday

HEADLINE: Arts & Books Features: Thinker with no belief in truth Richard Rorty is the world's most accessible and controversial philosopher - perhaps because he says we needn't study Plato. He tells Michael Shelden why


RICHARD Rorty, America's most controversial philosopher, knows that many people dislike him. Both liberals and conservatives enjoy attacking him, he explains with a smile and a shrug. "The Left likes to say I'm complacent, and the right thinks I'm irresponsible. So I guess I must be doing a good job."

Rorty stands almost alone among contemporary philosophers because he is read outside the confines of his discipline. His works are eclectic and eminently readable and make Rorty the most accessible philosopher since Bertrand Russell. ...

The search for philosophic certainties used to hold some charm for Rorty, but he lost interest during his years as a professor at Princeton University in the Sixties and Seventies. He also objected to the modern tendency to use pseudo-scientific methods in philosophy.

"In their determination to have definite answers, philosophers have turned the discipline into something that is supposed to be scientific. They spend their time solving puzzles of various kinds and think that their solutions are answers to meaningful questions. But it's all just an effort to pretend that they belong in the hard sciences, where they think they will get more respect and more funding. But philosophy is closer to literature and art. It can never be an exact science, with indisputable facts.

"I'm not anti-scientific, but there is no such thing as one answer, or one set of answers, to the question of what's really going on in life. We may no longer think that priests have the answer, but that shouldn't mean that we replace the priest with the supposedly all-knowing scientist. He doesn't have the answer either."

By the early Eighties, Rorty was so fed up with his "analytic" colleagues at Princeton that he resigned his tenured post and moved to the less prestigious University of Virginia, where he was given an appointment as a professor of humanities. ...

The Boston Globe
Copyright 1999 Globe Newspaper Company
May 8, 1999, Saturday

HEADLINE: HIGH SOCIETY GETS DOWN; Dance bands are stepping lively as the formal revival kicks in
BYLINE: By Julie Hatfield, Globe Staff

It's as if they finally found the cord connecting the old society dance bands to an electric outlet, and plugged it in.

While some society dance bands such as the Ruby Newman Orchestra, which has been playing the same waltzes since the '40s, adhere to tradition, other bands around Boston are waking up, rocking out, and keeping people moving on the dance floor until the end of each party.

"Upbeat" is the word the musicians use to describe the modern rhythms of their foxtrots and tangos as they jazz up the old favorites. "Jump swing" is the more acrobatic, livelier music that they also play, which has accompanied renewed interest in that old dance form. The sign of a lively dance band is that no one wants to leave the party, and the Museum of Fine Arts, for one, practically had to turn the lights out to get the dancing fools at its February Museum Ball to go home. ...

Duchin is one of a small fraternity of New York musicians who, by their own links to society through their families, find themselves just as comfortable on either side of the dance floor. Alex Donner is another. Donner attended Phillips Andover Academy and Princeton University and became a lawyer who specialized in divorce while leading a dance band part-time.

"I used to do divorces during the week and weddings on weekends," he jokes, adding that he eventually decided he wanted to be a full-time musician and now plays private parties on Nantucket and in Boston, including a birthday party for philanthropist Helen Spaulding, and public parties, including several at the New England Aquarium. ...

Chapel Hill Herald
Copyright 1999 The Durham Herald Co.
May 8, 1999, Saturday

Associate dean receives award

CHAPEL HILL -- Darryl Gless, senior associate dean in the College of Arts and Sciences, has won one of six Alumni Achievement Awards given this year by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

College of Arts and Sciences Alumni Association said Gless, who earned a bachelor's degree there in 1968, "has worked extensively in recent years on the educational challenges and opportunities occasioned by increasing racial, ethnic and other kinds of diversity in university classrooms."

A former Rhodes Scholar and Carolina English department chairman, Gless earned his master's degree at Oxford University in England and his doctorate at Princeton University. He serves on the National Council on the Humanities and has won a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship and a UNC Chapel Hill Tanner Award for Excellence in Teaching.

The Denver Post
Copyright 1999 The Denver Post Corporation
May 8, 1999 Saturday

HEADLINE: Graduate marks first for family
Young woman among 42 at Mines commencement

BYLINE: By Dave Curtin, Denver Post Higher Education Writer

Adrianne "Andi" Liddle was born to a teenage mother and raised by her grandparents, who helped finance her college education.

On Friday, Liddle, who represents the first generation of her family to attend college, graduated with a civil engineering degree from the Colorado School of Mines, one of the most prestigious engineering schools in the country. ...

During a serious moment in a commencement speech peppered with humor, space and defense industry executive Norman Augustine told the graduates at breezy Kafadar Commons that it takes the support of family and friends to succeed. He recalled his father's adage: "When you see a frog on top of a flagpole, he didn't get there by himself." ...

Augustine attributes his success to his family, too. He went on to head Martin Marietta Corp. in Jefferson County after graduating from East High School and Princeton University. He became president of Lockheed Martin when that company was formed in 1995. He now chairs the executive committee of Lockheed Martin and teaches at Princeton .

"I want to recognize all of the people whose support and encouragement have been so vitally important in helping you reach this major milestone," Augustine told the graduates. ...

New Scientist
Copyright 1999 New Scientist IPC Magazines Ltd
May 8, 1999

HEADLINE: Star turn

BYLINE: Marcus Chown, Jeff Hecht (Boston)

HIGHLIGHT: Supernovae link up with gamma-ray bursters

WHEN supernova 1987A exploded 12 years ago, stellar debris was ejected in a narrow jet travelling at close to the speed of light. Astronomers who have reanalysed observations made at the time say this finding strengthens the case for a connection between the dramatic gamma-ray bursters and exploding stars.

SN1987A, the brightest supernova recorded in more than 400 years, created a sensation when it appeared in a neighbouring galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud. Peter Nisenson and Costas Papaliolios of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics in Cambridge, Massachusetts, made high-resolution images of the exploding star 30 and 38 days later.

These images showed a spot with about a tenth of the brightness of the supernova about 17 millionths of a degree away. At the time, scientists published papers about this spot, Nisenson says, but they never reached any consensus on what it was.

Using state-of-the-art image-processing techniques, Nisenson and Papaliolios have now reanalysed their images and have found another less bright spot on the other side of the supernova, about 42 millionths of a degree away. "The two spots and the supernova were aligned, strongly suggesting we were seeing a two-sided jet emerging from the explosion," says Nisenson. Their results, which will appear later this year in "Astrophysical Journal Letters", suggest that matter was ejected by the explosion in a jet moving almost as fast as light.

In January, another jet firing off directly towards the Earth coincided with a powerful gamma-ray burst (This Week, 3 April, p 5). The source of such bursts - enormously powerful flashes of gamma rays from near the edge of the visible Universe - has been a matter of heated debate. But if supernovae create jets, as the new results suggest, this would provide compelling evidence that the sources of gamma-ray bursters and powerful explosions of stars are one and the same thing.

Bohdan Paczynski, an expert on gamma-ray bursters at Princeton University in New Jersey, says this link is intriguing: "It's a giant step in a direction I like a lot." But he warns against generalising too much. "We should be aware of the possibility that not every supernova has a relativistic jet, and not every relativistic jet must produce a gamma-ray burst." ...

The Associated Press
May 7, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: Republican governors' feud halts business at agency
BYLINE: By AMY WESTFELDT, Associated Press Writer

An unprecedented public feud between the governors of New York and New Jersey is threatening thousands of jobs and stalling $1.7 billion worth of construction projects at two major airports.

The spat between moderate Republicans George Pataki and Christie Whitman is a struggle for control of an agency called the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. It has reached such a scale that it's being called one of the worst border wars ever in a history that includes battles for rights to Ellis Island, the New York Yankees and the stock exchange.

Analysts are puzzled, saying the governors are sticking to a fight that will benefit neither state. ...

Last week, the CEOs of Continental and American Airlines told the governors that nearly 9,000 people in both states won't have jobs because the agency has not approved a $1 billion American expansion at Kennedy Airport and a $700 million Continental project at Newark.

"I think it's probably the most destructive in terms of the battles that we've had over the 75 years" of the Port Authority, said Jameson Doig, a Princeton University political scientist.

Most dangerous, he said, is the fact that the governors went public with disputes that in previous years were settled in private.

"Once the governors do that, then it's very hard for the governors to retreat," he said.

The Associated Press
State & Local Wire
May 7, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: Blacksburg man's past and present closely linked


Whenever Bobby G. Moss stands on his rear deck, he looks out over 180 acres of rolling terrain his Scottish ancestor received from the King of England for fighting in the Indian wars during the 1750s.

Patriot soldiers on their way to the Battle of Kings Mountain ate breakfast in Moss' front yard in 1780. They drank water from a spring out back that Moss, now 67, used until a few years ago.

The past and the present are closely linked in Moss' life and his work.

The retired Limestone College history professor has spent much of his adult life studying the Revolutionary period and cataloging the lives of thousands of patriot and loyalist Scottish, Scots-Irish, German and English families who settled in this region. ...

Moss also is donating a copy of a diary written by Dr. Uzal Johnson, a surgeon who accompanied the British commander Maj. Patrick Ferguson during his defeat at the Battle of Kings Mountain.

Princeton University has given Moss permission to edit and publish Johnson's diary.

"There are several other collections but they all deal with the war in the North," said Sam Thomas, curator of history for the county heritage commission. ...

The Associated Press
State & Local Wire
May 7, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: Hoop star Young doubles as hurler for Princeton

Chris Young is at it again.

After a winter in which he won Ivy League Rookie of the Year honors in basketball, Young is rapidly turning into the most valuable pitcher on Princeton 's staff.

"I don't know if he'll get Rookie of the Year in baseball because he's only pitched 30 innings," Tigers coach Scott Bradley said. "But I guarantee if you ask the coaches in our league if they could have any pitcher from our league to pitch one game for them, I think Chris' name would come out quite often." ...

Note: This story was carried in The New York Post.

Copyright 1999 The Baltimore Sun Company

May 7, 1999,Friday

HEADLINE: Foes, but friends, too; Lacrosse: Gilman's Damien Davis and McDonogh's Joe Rosenbaum share much in common, and in competition. They meet again today.


As a defensive end on McDonogh's football team last fall, Joe Rosenbaum might have tried to drill Gilman running back Damien Davis if given the chance.

But in wrestling last winter, Rosenbaum sought Davis' counsel against a common opponent.

Today at 4 p.m. in Gilman's lacrosse field, the two seniors will be directing their respective defenses in a matchup of the area's top-ranked teams. Rosenbaum leads No. 1-ranked McDonogh (17-2) against Davis' No. 2-ranked Gilman (10-3) in the Maryland Interscholastic Athletic Association A Conference regular-season finale for both teams.

Even if Gilman and McDonogh don't meet again this season, the athletic careers of Davis and Rosenbaum won't stop intertwining. The two "A" students rank among the nation's top five lacrosse defensemen and are headed for three-time NCAA lacrosse champion Princeton next season. ...

Business Wire
Copyright 1999 Business Wire, Inc.
May 7, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: Universal Display Corporation Signs Letter of Intent With ITRI -- Industrial Technology Research Laboratories -- of Taiwan


May 7, 1999--

The Parties to Cooperate in the Commercialization of UDC'S OLED Technology in Taiwan

Universal Display Corporation (UDC), a developer of flat panel display technology, announced today the execution of a letter of intent with Material Research Laboratories (MRL), Industrial Technology Research Laboratories (ITRI) of Taiwan to establish a strategic partnership for the commercialization of UDC's proprietary Organic Light Emitting Devices (OLED) technology in Taiwan. The relationship is anticipated to initially focus on low information content displays such as those for cell phones, appliances and other portable and consumer displays that can benefit from the bright colors and low power requirements of OLEDs. ...

MRL/ITRI also undertakes mass production to ensure feasibility of new industrial technologies, then transfers such technologies to the industrial sector. UDC has had a strategic research partnership with Princeton University and the University of Southern California (USC) for the Organic Light Emitter Project since 1994. ...

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
May 7, 1999, Friday

NAME: Robert P. Bergman
HEADLINE: Robert P. Bergman, 53, Head Of Cleveland Museum of Art


Robert P. Bergman, director of the Cleveland Museum of Art since 1993 and a nationally recognized spokesman for arts institutions, died yesterday at University Hospitals in Cleveland. He would have been 54 on May 17.

Mr. Bergman died after a two-week illness with a rare blood disorder, said William Prenevost, a spokesman for the museum. He was admitted to University Hospitals on April 26.

Though not as well known as Sherman E. Lee, who directed the museum from 1958 to 1983 and built it into one of the world's leading showplaces of Asian art, Mr. Bergman participated widely in national cultural affairs and published and lectured widely on subjects ranging from medieval art and architecture to the role of museums in contemporary society. ...

Born in Bayonne, N.J., in 1945, Mr. Bergman received a bachelor's degree from Rutgers University and a master's degree and Ph.D. from Princeton University. A specialist in medieval art and architecture, he received Fulbright and Guggenheim fellowships.

The Providence Journal-Bulletin
Copyright 1999 The Providence Journal Company
May 7, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: IN THE WORK PLACE - A Bigger slice of the Pie - Workers earning higher wages
BYLINE: Journal staff and wire reports;

Finally, it's the workers' turn. Earlier in this decade, profits rose sharply and wages didn't. Now profits are steady and wages are rising.

"Throughout most of the 1990s expansion, capital helped itself to the growing economic pie," says Mark Zandi of Regional Financial Associates, a West Chester, Pa., forecasting firm.

"Now, with the exceedingly tight labor market getting tighter, labor is finally enjoying some dessert." ...

The economists who were worried just a few years ago admit to being pleasantly surprised. "A welcome change," says Jared Bernstein of the labor-backed Economic Policy Institute. Adds Alan Krueger of Princeton University, who did a stint as Reich's chief economist: "The fear that I had at the time was that real wages would continue to slide despite the strong growth, and that has turned around." ...

The Record (Bergen County, NJ)
Copyright 1999 Bergen Record Corp.
May 7, 1999; FRIDAY


In New Jersey, political parties use vans to shuttle voters to polling places a couple of blocks from their homes.

But right- and left-leaning Jewish groups are taking the strategy much further, about 6,000 miles further. They're offering cheap jet trips to Tel Aviv for New York and New Jersey residents who are eligible

to vote in Israel's bitterly contested May 17 election.

Ari Ginsberg, 28, a former Israeli soldier who lives in Teaneck, paid just $180 for a round-trip ticket from John F. Kennedy International Airport that usually costs more than $800.

"When I heard about this, I thought, 'Wow! someone must be shelling out millions to do this," said Ginsberg, who plans to visit his former rabbi and old friends in Israel, as well as attend a big bash thrown by relatives.

"At first I thought... a trip to Israel, pretty much for free. I didn't care that much about the voting. But now that I've signed on, I'm basically telling everybody to get involved." ...

Ofer Fine, a post-doctoral student at Princeton University, said he and at least 10 others from the school are taking advantage of the cheap trips. Fine said their non-Israeli friends think they're crazy to travel so far to vote.

"I wouldn't be able to live with myself if I missed those elections,"said Fine, who supports the Middle East peace effort."I think it will be decided by very few votes and every vote is crucial." ...

The Boston Globe
Copyright 1999 Globe Newspaper Company
May 6, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Vivien Li walks the line; A harbor advocate bridges interests
BYLINE: By Bella English, Globe Correspondent

In 1970, as her classmates were marching against the war in Vietnam, Vivien Li was organizing housewives in New Jersey supermarkets. The enemy was not the Viet Cong. It was corporate America.

Li, then 16, and her group of ladies would buy groceries, then tear off the excess packaging - boxes, cartons, wraps, whatever - right there in the store and ask to see the manager. When the hapless fellow appeared, Li would ask politely, "Would you please alert Procter & Gamble that this is unnecessary packaging?" ...

As it turned out, Li thinks her environmental extracurriculars helped her get into Barnard College in New York City, where she got a degree in - what else? - environmental management. She finished in three and a half years and later earned a master's degree in public administration from Princeton University.

So she comes by her current job as executive director of the Boston Harbor Association naturally. The nonprofit group was started 26 years ago to promote a clean and accessible harbor, which means that Li has to walk the tightrope between environmentalists and developers, between public and private interests. ...

The Jerusalem Post
Copyright 1999 The Jerusalem Post
May 6, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Five scientists awarded Wolf Prize
BYLINE: Judy Siegel

Five outstanding scientists - one of them Israeli - last night received the prestigious Wolf Prizes in medicine, physics, chemistry and mathematics.

The Wolf Prize, established 21 years ago by the late Ricardo Wolf, has frequently been a harbinger of the Nobel Prize: 18 of the previous 93 Wolf laureates in the fields of physics, chemistry and medicine, have gone on to win it.

President Ezer Weizman was present in the Knesset's Chagall Hall to present the prizes to Prof. Eric Kandel of Columbia University, NY, (medicine); Prof. Dan Shechtman of the Technion in Haifa (physics); Prof. (emeritus) Raymond Lemieux of the University of Alberta in Canada (chemistry); and Prof. Laszlo Lovasz of Yale University and Prof. Elias Stein of Princeton University (sharing the mathematics prize).

The arts prize rotates among architecture, music, painting and sculpture, but German artist Sigmar Polke, who was offered this year's Wolf Prize, did not receive it because he failed to arrive for the ceremony or even tell the Wolf Foundation whether he would accept it. ...

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Copyright 1999 St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Inc.
May 6, 1999, Thursday


BYLINE: Martha Baker; Special To The Post-Dispatch

Martha Cooley came to St. Louis last month because she was scheduled to read at Left Bank Books from her first novel, "The Archivist," recently published in paperback. There were other reasons, too. She wanted to see the Mississippi River that she'd read about in Mark Twain's books, and she wanted to see T.S. Eliot's birthplace because Eliot shadows the subplot of "The Archivist."

Oh, and one other reason. A friend told her that if she ever got to St. Louis, she should eat Ted Drewes frozen custard.

Cooley, 43, happily but carefully spooned a mocha/chocolate chip concrete as she talked about Eliot, religion and her writing.

"Not until 'The Archivist' did I understand that I had been trying to shoehorn too much into my short fiction. With this novel, I realized I'm a discursive writer who needs a longer form," she said.

She had been writing short stories since college (Trinity College, Class of '77), had even published one in 1983. She had become frustrated with her writing and needed a "jump start" when, in 1988, she read an article about 1,000 letters written by Eliot to his friend Emily Hale. Much against Eliot's wishes, Hale left the letters to the library of Princeton University, not to be opened until 2020. "I remember thinking, 'No way I wouldn't read those letters if I were the librarian,' " Cooley said. "I knew there was a little problem I could sketch. There was a dilemma." ...

The Washington Times
Copyright 1999 News World Communications, Inc.
May 6, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Faculty furor at Princeton
BYLINE: Linda Chavez

He believes it is wrong to eat animals but not necessarily immoral to kill disabled human babies or senile adults. He opposes the use of animals in medical experiments but advocates the right of parents to kill their infants if they suffer from a debilitating condition such as hemophilia. He has published several books and scholarly articles arguing his theses, gaining him worldwide recognition.

The man is Peter Singer, an Australian philosopher recently appointed to an endowed chair in bioethics at Princeton University's Center for Human Values. His appointment has caused tremendous controversy on campus, including demonstrations from disability rights, anti-abortion and religious groups - but the university shows no signs of rescinding the offer.

Perhaps what is so shocking about Mr. Singer's views is that they don't seem to shock the academic world at all. While they may not be regarded as mainstream, Mr. Singer's ideas are still considered an acceptable school of thought in academia. ...

Christopher Benek, a seminarian at Princeton Theological Seminary who heads Princeton Students Against Infanticide, would like the university's illustrious board of trustees to intervene to stop the Singer appointment. He notes in particular three politicos who sit on the board, two of whom are running for president of the United States -Bill Bradley and Steve Forbes -plus Sen. Bill Frist, Tennessee Republican, who chairs the Senate subcommittee on public health. New Jersey Gov. Christine Todd Whitman also sits ex officio on the board. ...