Princeton in the News

July 1 to 7, 1999

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Foreign Affairs
Copyright 1999 Council on Foreign Relations, Inc.
July, 1999 / August, 1999

HEADLINE: A Road to Nowhere

BYLINE: EDWARD C. LUCK; EDWARD C. LUCK is Executive Director of the Center for the Study of International Organization of New York University's School of Law and the Woodrow Wilson School of Princeton University.

By caricaturing the past, misreading the U.N. Charter, and prematurely divining the lessons of Kosovo, Michael J. Glennon concludes that international law and practice have entered a brave new humanitarian world and that the restrictive old United Nations should step aside. But the present is not so radically different from the past, and Glennon's argument sheds no light on those persistent political dilemmas that confound international law and organizations as perplexingly in 1999 as they did in 1945 and 1919.

While others warn of U.N. meddling, Glennon roughly asserts that the U.N. Charter is fundamentally anti-interventionist. Although any number of repressive governments have claimed that the United Nations is prohibited from intervening in their internal affairs, the charter specifically grants the Security Council authority to override this principle if it finds a potential threat to international peace and security. More incrementally but more powerfully, the very principles and purposes of the charter -- with their emphasis on human rights, fundamental freedoms, humanitarian values, and economic and social development -- have undermined barriers to outside scrutiny that have been erected by repressive regimes.

Contrary to Glennon's contention, the charter does not require a "cross-border attack" to permit international enforcement action. Aggression is only one of several possible triggers stipulated in Chapter VII, which uses broad terminology to permit considerable discretion by the members of the Security Council. …

National Post
(formerly The Financial Post)
Copyright 1999 Financial Post from National Post
July 07, 1999 Wednesday NATIONAL EDITIONS

HEADLINE: The crash is coming -- or maybe not
BYLINE: William Watson, editor of Policy Options, teaches economics at McGill University.

 Strikes by Quebec's nurses and Air Canada's flight attendants. Higher-than-inflation raises for the Bank of Canada's managers. Worsening shortages in the market for high-skilled workers. The possibility of price spikes in Ontario's overextended construction industry. These stories from this week's business pages are, in a strange way, very comforting for those of us trained in the economics of the traditional business cycle. An endless boom sure would be nice, but it would also be very, very weird. Better the business cycle we know than some brave new cycle-free world. …

So what does explain the (soon-to-be) record-setting 1990s boom? Several things: that it started more slowly than other postwar booms (with only 8% growth in its first three years, compared with 17% in the others); that there was a pause in 1995, as the Fed tightened interest rates; that inflation declined during the boom, instead of accelerating; and, finally, that corporate profit margins reached higher levels than in previous booms, though they are now declining. …

If that's altogether too pessimistic for you, another article in the same issue of The Journal of Economic Perspectives, by Princeton University professor Christina Romer, may give you hope.

Paradoxically, Prof. Romer, an economic historian, begins by arguing that in the 40 years following the Second World War, the U.S. economy has been only slightly less variable than it was in the 40 years before the First -- though both periods were much more stable than the interwar years, in which 'there is simply no denying that all hell broke loose in the American economy.'

There were nine recessions in the four decades pre-WWI, and there were nine in the four decades post-WWII. Recessions actually lasted a month longer on average in the later period, though they were about 6% less severe in terms of aggregate output lost. …

The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC)
Copyright 1999 The News and Observer
July 7, 1999 Wednesday

N.C. State University

The estate of the late N.F.J. "Sy" Matthews has given about $1.5 million in deferred gifts to the university's College of Engineering to fund merit scholarships for students. Matthews was a professor emeritus of electrical and computer engineering.

He and his wife, Betty, made arrangements for the gift before his death April 18. A native of Clinton, Matthews joined the faculty in 1964. During his 34-year tenure, he was widely admired for his research, teaching and service to the university and community. He also was honored several times with awards for outstanding teaching and was named as Alumni Distinguished Professor in 1992. He retired in 1998. He received his bachelor's and master's degree in mathematics from George Washington University in 1957 and 1959 respectively and his master's and doctoral degrees in electrical engineering from Princeton University in 1961 and 1964 respectively.

The Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle

Copyright 1999 Southeastern Newspapers Corporation
July 6, 1999, Tuesday


If you liked Jack Kevorkian, you'll love Peter Singer, who has been appointed to Princeton University's Center for Human Values. Kevorkian believes in mercy killing old people and the ''suffering'' disabled. The Australian-born bioethicist (so-called) Singer believes in killing babies as well.

What a medical (mal)practice these guys could have had together! It's a good thing they weren't around when Helen Keller was born.

Mentioning Singer and ''human values'' in the same sentence is an oxymoron if there ever was one.

This new ''Dr. Death'' is not only a founder of the animal liberation movement, he also believes the worth of humans is no more than that of pigs. Nor does he believe newborns are entitled to the same legal protections as adults. …

When a prestigious Ivy League college makes a ''Values'' appointment like that, it just goes to prove how the abortion culture has coarsened and cheapened human life. But why not follow millions of abortions with millions of slaughtered newborns? Isn't that the next logical step?

Chattanooga Times and Free Press
Copyright 1999 Chattanooga News-Free Press Company
July 6, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: The Declaration Disputed
BYLINE: Karl Spence Editorial Page Editor

At the National Archives rotunda in Washington, D.C., visitors line up to examine the glass-encased founding documents of our country: the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, and the Bill of Rights.

Archives officials, fearful that the old-tech cases are inadequate to the documents' protection, plan to spend $4.8 million to upgrade them. When the project is completed in 2003, the precious pages of our national charter will be safe for another hundred years.

The pages will be safe, but what of the spirit they embody? …

So. A "baby" has an unalienable right to life, unless a woman finds it "necessary" to snuff that life out. Is that a coherent position?

Spectator writer Brian A. Brown also quotes pro-life Princeton University Professor Robert George: "Partial-birth abortions forced the pro-choice crowd out into the open. They could no longer say it was not a baby when the legs are kicking the doctor."

And he cites Dr. George's pro-choice colleague Peter Singer, chairman of the university's Center for Human Values: "Killing a disabled infant is not morally equivalent to killing a person. Very often it is not wrong at all." …

The Record (Bergen County, NJ)
Copyright 1999 Bergen Record Corp.
July 6, 1999

SOURCE: Wire services
BYLINE: JOSH GETLIN, Special from the Los Angeles Times

The Lord is my banker; my credit is good.

Charles Fillmore's"Prosperity," 1936

In the nave of New York's historic Trinity Church, a mere block from Wall Street, Suze Orman is saving souls and talking T-bills. Bathed in TV light, America's top-selling financial author and investment guru looks sternly at a young businesswoman who confesses to the sin of credit card debt.

"OK,"says Orman,"you have to create a new truth."And this truth, she explains, is the power of mind over money: Once we believe we're going to prosper, money will come to us. "Your new truth should be: 'I have more money than I'll ever need . … "

Orman also tells readers it's not enough to acquire funds; you have to put money to work for others, making charitable donations.

Charles Fillmore and others brought the message to a wider audience in the 1930s, but the breakthrough came with Norman Vincent Peale's 1953 best seller,"The Power of Positive Thinking,"which told Americans to "believe and succeed."Orman echoes these lessons, but do they help readers?

"All of this stuff is psychobabble,"said Burton Malkiel, professor of finance at Princeton University. "It's dangerous to say there's an easy way, and that once you find a spiritual angle, wealth will follow." …

The Tampa Tribune
Copyright 1999 The Tribune Co. Publishes The Tampa Tribune
July 6, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: Florida in front row of 2000 race;
BYLINE: WILLIAM MARCH, of The Tampa Tribune;

TAMPA - Florida - one of the "big four" states in the Electoral College - may be a key battleground in 2000.

A little-understood institution of American politics called the Electoral College has placed Florida squarely at the center of the 2000 campaign for president.

Floridians are already seeing the effects.

Last week, both leading contenders, Republican George W. Bush and Democrat Al Gore, came to Tampa for fundraising tours of Florida.

Because of the state's position in the Electoral College, residents are likely to see more of both of them. Florida could become one of the most important battlegrounds of what promises to be the highest-spending presidential election in history.

"Florida, with its history of swinging (between parties), is a matter of urgency for both candidates in their effort to win the arithmetic battle," said Bruce Buchanan, political scientist at the University of Texas at Austin. …

"Given the pattern of partisan attachments in the rest of the country, the four biggest states are crucial - you have to at least split them," said Larry Bartels, a political scientist at Princeton University. …

University Wire
Copyright 1999 Daily Pennsylvanian via U-Wire
July 6, 1999

HEADLINE: Penn hoops lands a top-flight athlete
BYLINE: By Rick Haggerty, Daily Pennsylvanian
SOURCE: U. Pennsylvania
DATELINE: Philadelphia

Moments after the Quakers' Ivy League title-clinching victory at Princeton in March, hundreds of Penn fans stood on the Jadwin Gym floor to watch the members of the Penn men's basketball team cut down the net.

Harold Bailey was among those spectators, but he had a perspective that was different from that of most fans.

"I was psyched," Bailey said. "I was thinking, "That will be me next year."

Bailey, along with five other members of the Class of 2003, will be on the receiving end of those cheers next season, and he hopes to play a significant role for the Quakers during the next four years.

However, Bailey, who scored more than 1,200 career points as a 6'2" swingman for the Choate School in Wallingford, Conn., will face tough competition to earn minutes next season. …

University Wire
Copyright 1999 The Lantern via U-Wire
July 6, 1999

HEADLINE: Ohio State U. political science prof wins school's top teaching award
BYLINE: By Jennifer Kaufman, The Lantern
SOURCE: Ohio State U.
DATELINE: Columbus, Ohio

An Ohio State University political science professor was honored with a top award for his services to the university along with a three-year annual budget of $10,000.

In early May, Greg Caldeira received a call from the political science department chairman who informed Caldeira that he had been awarded the university's Distinguished University Professor award. Given by the Board of Trustees from an internal university nomination and selection process, the award includes the title of Distinguished University Professor and a three-year annual budget. …

Caldeira, who is a recognized academic leader in public law and judicial politics, has been a professor at OSU since 1987. He received his doctoral degree from Princeton University after deciding to pursue his interest in the courts and legal process by studying political science rather than attending law school. …

Copyright 1999 Gannett Company, Inc.
July 6, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: Doctors look for union label Physicians angry about insurance rules, oversight, cost cutting
BYLINE: Julie Appleby

Joseph Jenci, a retired obstetrician, sums up the American Medical Association's decision to form a union this way: "Quite frankly, I'm not sure a union is the answer. But if you corner a snake, it has no choice but to lash out."

Cornered is how many doctors say they feel these days, hemmed in by large insurance companies with their rules, their oversight, their cost-cutting ways.

"We've reached a stage where the level of regulation is so intrusive and meddlesome and complicated that it's strangling productivity," says Sidney Marchasin, an internist in Redwood City, Calif., who says his income is down by half, mainly because of expenses related to insurers' claims hassles and data-keeping requirements.

Unionization and collective bargaining are in vogue among physicians as they haven't been since the early 1970s, when, like now, doctors' incomes and autonomy were under pressure. The vote by the delegates to the AMA's annual convention June 23 to form a union was just one sign of the increased interest. …

Skeptics say doctors are just trying to protect their above-average incomes.

"Unions don't exist to enhance the quality of the products they make," says Uwe Reinhardt, a Princeton University economist. "They exist to protect the income of their members." …

But Reinhardt and other observers say insurers' oversight is aimed at controlling overall health spending by reducing the number of unnecessary procedures and narrowing the tremendous variation in how the same illnesses are treated in one part of the country vs. another.

"To go back to an era where an HMO cannot question a treatment decision is a massive step backward for quality," Reinhardt says. …

The Washington Times
Copyright 1999 News World Communications, Inc.
July 06, 1999, Tuesday

HEADLINE: The greatest spy who ever lived
BYLINE: Joseph C. Goulden

In a well-intentioned but nonetheless goofy vote earlier this year, Congress named the Central Intelligence Agency's Langley complex in honor of former President George Bush, who served briefly as director of central intelligence (DCI) during the 1970s. A better choice, and surely a more deserving one, would have been Allen Dulles, whose service to U.S. intelligence spanned more than four decades - from the era of Wilsonian idealism to the most frigid years of the Cold War.

Dulles is remembered with a bas-relief medallion in the central lobby of the Old Headquarters Building with the Latin inscription, Si monumentum requiris circumspice - "His monument is around us." Indeed it is. More than any individual, Dulles created America's intelligence apparatus. No less an authority than Sir Kenneth W. D. Strong, who ran British intelligence during the 1930s and 1940s, called him "the greatest intelligence officer who ever lived."

The remarkable story is engrossingly told in James Srodes' "Allen Dulles: Master of Spies." (A caveat: I have known the author for years, but have read his work with a coldly objective eye.) Mr. Srodes draws heavily upon the Dulles papers at Princeton University, his alma mater, as well as upon interviews with family members and old spook friends. …

Mr. Srodes' strength is that he grasps what made Dulles an effective spy master: He was of a generation not embarrassed to believe in causes, and work for them. Generations who demonize Dulles are not aware of his origins as a Wilsonian liberal, one who believed that Americans were "destined to set a responsible example to all the world of what free government is and can do." Dulles' tenure as a Princeton student overlapped Wilson's last days as a university president, and he eagerly entered the foreign service, in 1915, to serve under his uncle, Secretary of State Robert Lansing. …

Copyright 1999 Forbes, Inc.
July 5, 1999

HEADLINE: Word-of-modem
BYLINE: Silvia Sansoni

HIGHLIGHT: Word-of-mouth marketing is perfect for companies with big ideas and small advertising budgets. It takes on a new meaning on the Internet.

ADAM FRANKL, locked in a dogfight, sits at his computer and shouts into the headset: "I have someone on my tail! COVER ME! Break right 500 meters and get behind them! Shoot it! My engine is down . . . I am parachuting!" Frankl, founder of a small firm named Resounding Technology, is playing on-line with armchair fighter pilots in Canada, Britain and Australia. But he cares less about that than the fact that, hours earlier he posted on the Web a free version of his new software they're now using, Roger Wilco. It transmits voice over the Internet and lets users link up in virtual conference calls. The gamers use it to set strategy and razz each other as they rack up kills.

Frankl, 34, is deploying a now well-honed tactic to roll out his product on the Web: viral marketing. …

Frankl, who most recently had worked as marketing director for Rational Software in Silicon Valley, started his new firm only last November. The idea for a voice-over-Internet product grew out of his pastime as a game freak. …

So Frankl lined up two old schoolmates from Princeton University, Anthony Lovell and Henri de Marcellus, and rounded up all of $1.5 million in venture capital. He also pulled $50,000 from his own bank account. The cash may not last long. The upstart has no revenues, burns $100,000 a month and must joust with 30 other Net-phone firms. …

Modern Healthcare
Copyright 1999 Crain Communications Inc.
July 05, 1999


BYLINE: Jonathan Gardner

President Clinton is ending his watch at the helm of the huge federal healthcare budget much as he began it: seeking Medicare cuts to fund a huge expansion in healthcare entitlements.

His proposal last week to extend Medicare coverage to outpatient prescription drugs is his last chance to make his mark on healthcare policy and one of his last major policy initiatives.

But the proposal comes at a cost to providers. It would continue some provider payment growth restraints-largely affecting hospitals-enacted under the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. That would save $39 billion over 10 years to help pay the $118 billion price tag for the new benefit. …

But Clinton's desire to leave a healthcare legacy may have won out as he drafted the plan.

''They crafted this, not with the idea to make it dead on arrival or to hit Republicans in the head with it, but with the idea to make the life of the elderly better,'' said Uwe Reinhardt, a Princeton University healthcare economist. ''I think Clinton genuinely wants this. This is not the kind of thing a liberal Democrat drafts. This is vintage Clinton: 'I'm going to put out something that Republicans can't reject out of hand, because it's something the majority of people view as reasonable,' '' Reinhardt said. …

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
July 5, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: Japanese Thrift

To the Editor:

"Reviving the Economics of Fear" (Business Day, July 2), on whether the United States might suffer a Japanese-style liquidity trap in which consumers stop spending, ignores basic differences in history and economic culture between the two countries.

For nearly a century, the Japanese Government, schools and women's groups have promoted a "culture of thrift." Housewives keep ledgers, and consumer credit is limited. Heeding official warnings of inadequate social security, families save at high levels (from 12 percent to 23 percent in recent decades). Predictably, the Japanese react to economic uncertainties by severely cutting spending and saving more. It is difficult to imagine free-spending Americans, who now save at negative rates, doing the same.

Princeton, N.J., July 2, 1999
The writer is a professor of Japanese history at Princeton University.

Copyright 1999 Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News
July 5, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: The Philadelphia Inquirer Andrew Cassel Column
BYLINE: By Andrew Cassel

MUTUAL-FUND PIONEER JACK BOGLE REMAINS A LOW-KEY CRUSADER: He nursed Vanguard Group into an area and an industry giant. Yet his most recent delight is having written another book.

Nobody makes much of a fuss over Jack Bogle as we go into breakfast at the Four Seasons hotel.

Doormen don't murmur his name with reverence. Headwaiters don't rush to escort him to a preferred table. He has to ask to get his coffee warmed up, just like everybody else.

Why is that, I wonder?

Bogle is, after all, the most successful Philadelphia entrepreneur of the last half-century -- assuming you measure success not just as wealth-gathering but as institution-building, and maybe paradigm-shifting. The company he founded 25 years ago -- Vanguard Group -- is the Philadelphia area's largest financial institution by far, and one of a very few firms based here with a nationwide name and presence. …

I don't think it is just the usual prophet-without-honor-in-his-hometown syndrome. Bogle may be just a bit too cerebral to make a talk-show-quality personality, a bit too focused on his lifelong passion, which is the mutual-fund industry. It is a crusaders' zeal that hasn't faded with the years -- he started thinking about mutual funds as a senior at Princeton University 50 years ago -- and has only gotten stronger since his heart-transplant operation three years ago. …

St. Petersburg Times
Copyright 1999 Times Publishing Company
July 05, 1999, Monday

HEADLINE: Legislator defies rookie status

Rep. Bob Henriquez is acting like a seasoned pro and not like a worrisome freshman legislator.

When the vice president of the United States came to town last week, the top local Democrat at his side was not the mayor or the area's congressman.

Instead, the politician tapped to introduce Al Gore at a campaign dinner was state Rep. Bob Henriquez, a freshman legislator from West Tampa. A year ago, Henriquez was a high school football coach.

The choice of Henriquez as one of Gore's hosts showed he is a rising young politician in town. But it also said something about the thin ranks of the Hillsborough Democratic Party. When other Democrats were unable to come to Gore's fundraiser at the Hyatt Westshore, there were not too many friendly politicians apart from Henriquez around. …

Henriquez, 34, grew up in a middle class family in West Tampa. They would get together most nights for dinner. His father was a painter. After graduating from Tampa Catholic, Henriquez went to Princeton University, where he got a degree in political science. Then he came home, worked as a county planner, married his wife, Kimberly, a public school teacher, and coached football at his high school alma mater. …

Copyright 1999 AAP Information Services Pty. Ltd.
July 4, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: VIC: Move to eradicate battery hens to go before ministers
BYLINE: By Andra Jackson

MELBOURNE, July 4 AAP - A key meeting of Australian and New Zealand agriculture ministers may be asked to phase out battery hens.

An animal welfare group say the issue was set to be put on the agenda for a meeting of the ministers next month.

Tasmanian Agriculture Minister David Llewellyn was taking up a move by Animals Australia to have the matter discussed at the Sydney meeting, the group's director Glenys Oogjes (Oogjes) said. …

Ms Oogjes was speaking after the group's annual general meeting in Melbourne today where Necia Page was elected to succeed outgoing president Professor Peter Singer.

Professor Singer this week takes up an appointment at Princeton University in the United States - the meeting declared Professor Singer its patron. …

Asbury Park Press
(Neptune, NJ.)
Copyright 1999 Asbury Park Press, Inc.
July 4, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Regional Week in Review

Ex-Jackson fire chief indicted in 3 arsons *OCEAN COUNTY: A former Jackson volunteer fire chief was indicted on Wednesday on charges of having set three fires the night of Dec. 14.

Thomas Singer, 41, of the Cassville Fire Station No. 56, is charged with two counts of aggravated arson, one count of arson, three counts of official misconduct and two counts of burglary. …

Singer, who lives on Miller Road, has been out on $20,000 bail since Dec. 21. He was working as a firefighter at the Princeton University Plasma Physics Laboratory in Plainsboro when he was arrested.

Asbury Park Press
(Neptune, NJ.)
Copyright 1999 Asbury Park Press, Inc.
July 4, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Sink or Swim

IMAGINE your bath tub has a leaky faucet.

You can't stop the drip-drip-dripping, you're powerless to bail out the tub, and you can't pull the drain plug because there isn't one.

As the tub fills slowly, inexorably, you can stave off the flood for a while by building up the tub's sides. Or you can move out and let the tide crest, inundating the room and, eventually, the house.

A similar scenario is playing out at the Jersey Shore, sparking a passionate, long-running debate about whether to retreat or to hold back the sea, which over the last 20,000 years has shifted the coastline nearly 100 miles to the west.

In many ways, it's a debate about time, or rather, ways of looking at time. Advocates of massive government outlays for beach replenishment and shore protection say periodically pumping sand on eroding shores will protect billions of dollars invested in homes and businesses well into the next century.

Those who advocate retreat take a longer view, saying that tangling with Mother Nature in an effort to hold back an ever-rising sea is becoming too costly. …

"I think the bottom line is: We are projecting sea-level rise to continue indefinitely, even if we don't melt any ice," said Jerry D. Mahlman, director of the federal Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory at Princeton University. "We could (see the) sea level rising continuously for the next thousand years." …

The Associated Press
State & Local Wire
July 4, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Black seminaries push for activist role
BYLINE: JAMES HANNAH, Associated Press Writer


Seminaries are thought of as refuges from the roar of the outside world, cocoons where students study the word of God and train to become shepherds of their flocks.

But the Rev. Obery Hendricks Jr. sees a more activist role. And the former kickboxer and Wall Street executive is using his energies and experience to make it happen at Payne Theological Seminary, the nation's oldest black seminary.

"We really feel we are part of an important movement in theological education," said Hendricks, president of the seminary. "Its purpose is to empower the church to make a real difference in this country."

The 46-year-old Hendricks knows all about activism. The social and political turbulence of the '60s swept him into a sea of life changes that finally landed him at the seminary two years ago. …

In 1977, Hendricks jumped into the whirlwind world of Wall Street, working as an investment executive. But he left in 1986 after several deals went sour, which Hendricks took as a sign to change the direction of his life.

"After awhile I started feeling empty, like I really wasn't making a contribution," he said of his Wall Street experience. "I was serving people who really didn't need help."

After a brief stint as economic development director of East Orange and with his religious background tugging at his heart, Hendricks got his master's in divinity from Princeton Theological Seminary and PhD from Princeton University before coming to Payne. …

Copyright 1999 The Baltimore Sun Company
July 4, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Debt's end would spur new problems; Staples of economy, such as savings bonds, would disappear
BYLINE: Jonathan Weisman

WASHINGTON -- Last summer, economist Cynthia Latta was crunching her forecasts for the burgeoning federal budget surplus when her projections reached a landmark simply too mind-boggling to accept: early in the next century, the publicly held federal debt would simply disappear.

In a panic, the principal U.S. economist for Standard & Poors' DRI -- its forecasting division -- did what she expects Congress to do. She threw in some tax cuts, some extra government spending, and to her relief, the debt was back -- that is, until last week, when President Clinton announced that he planned to eliminate it by 2015.

It was a startling announcement, and one that most economists greeted not with hosannas, not with disbelief, but with real concern. As politically popular as it might sound, the elimination of the federal debt would have far-reaching and unexamined consequences for international investors and federal monetary policy, and even for corporate planners and individual investors.

Staples of the American economy -- and of many households -- like savings bonds and the Treasury bonds that provide havens for middle-class investors would simply disappear. Tools the Federal Reserve uses to stabilize the economy would be gone, too. And the government would have to figure out what to do with the extra money. …

Alan Blinder, a Princeton University economist and former Clinton adviser, agreed: "These 15-year projections are going to be wildly inaccurate, but some people are reading the wrong message and saying this will never happen, that the debt will run back up."

"Really," he said, "the surprises could come the other way," with the debt disappearing even faster. …

Chattanooga Times and Free Press
Copyright 1999 Chattanooga News-Free Press Company
July 4, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: Inside And Out
Daniel Castor's drawings, on view at the Getty Research Institute in California, reveal a building's interior and exterior simultaneously


It's another case of "hometown boy makes good."

Real good.

Daniel Castor, a 1984 graduate of McCallie School and currently a resident of San Francisco, is the youngest artist to be featured with a solo exhibition at the Getty Research Institute in Los Angeles, Calif. His show, "A Structure Revealed: The Amsterdam Stock Exchange," is composed of 22 highly detailed pencil drawings that represent three years of intensive and exhausting work. Mr. Castor artistically "dissected" this much-reviled 1898 building in the Netherlands to reveal, not only the beauty inherent in the structure, but the intent of the architect, Hendrik Berlage.

Characterized as "jellyfish drawings," the works illustrate Mr. Castor's uncanny ability to see through solid walls to acquire a spatial understanding of a structure and, through special drafting techniques, translate this knowledge onto a two-dimensional surface. …

Mr. Castor had first seen the Amsterdam Stock Exchange while backpacking through Europe about 10 years ago. He had just graduated from Princeton University with a bachelor of arts degree in architecture. Something about the building struck a chord with him and several years later, while a student at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, he decided to make it the subject of an independent study. …

Los Angeles Times
Copyright 1999 Times Mirror Company
July 4, 1999, Sunday



BYLINE: RICHARD FLACKS, Richard Flacks is professor of sociology at UC Santa Barbara

Four years ago this month, the University of California Regents, led by Gov. Pete Wilson and Ward Connerly, voted to end affirmative action in UC admissions. One year later, California voters passed Proposition 209, abolishing state government affirmative action. These events seemed to mark the demise of affirmative action, yet the debate continues on campuses, in the courts and in the political arena. In "The Shape of the River," William Bowen, former president of Princeton University, and Derek Bok, former president of Harvard University, provide us with a detailed report on the "long-term consequences of considering race in college and university admissions." Their findings call into question the assumptions about racial preference in higher education that have fueled the drive to end affirmative action nationally as well as in California.

Their book is based on a rather extraordinary database called "College and Beyond." The Mellon Foundation (Bowen is now its president) built this collection of information, drawn from more than 80,000 students who entered one of 28 selective colleges and universities (ranging from Yale to Chapel Hill) in 1951, 1976 and 1989. A wealth of data was accumulated: high school grades, SAT scores, grades and majors and activities in college, family class background and information about students' postgraduate lives (professional school attendance, career information, community service and their retrospective feelings about their college experience). Because the race of these students was known and because the data were collected at very different periods, the database made studying the effects of affirmative action possible. …

In general, black graduates were at least as likely to go to graduate school as their white peers. Black women graduates were considerably more likely to work full-time than white women. White graduates earned appreciably more on average than blacks--but the average income of black graduates of these schools was substantially higher than national averages of either white or black college graduates. The study demonstrates that race-sensitive admissions policies enabled thousands of African Americans to enter the higher reaches of American institutional leadership during the last 25 years. …

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
July 4, 1999, Sunday

HEADLINE: A Patel Motel Cartel?

BYLINE: By Tunku Varadarajan; Tunku Varadarajan is a writer based in New York. His last article for the magazine was about cricket.

'You're getting the last room in Huntsville," the man at the front desk rasped. I was in the heart of a certain kind of Texas -- the kind I'd probably only visit in pursuit of a story -- and the room was a godsend. I thanked the man and we shook hands -- not a gesture you often see enacted between owner and customer at the front desk of an Econo Lodge. But he was Indian and so am I, and it was our little way of touching base.

This was two years ago. As I was then new to America, I asked him bluntly what on earth had brought him to a place like Huntsville. My naked curiosity amused him. "Why shouldn't I be here?" he said. Indians like him were everywhere, especially in places like Huntsville. Go 15 miles west and you'd find a motel run by his cousin. Ninety miles south and there was another cousin in another motel. An uncle had a place, too, somewhere in Georgia. Wherever there was a motel in the United States, he said -- and I mistook this assertion for hyperbole -- there were likely to be people from India running it. The statement, I learned later, was not all that far from the truth.

America's motels constitute what could be called a nonlinear ethnic niche: a certain ethnic group becomes entrenched in a clearly identifiable economic sector, working at jobs for which it has no evident cultural, geographical or even racial affinity. …

It's an inspiring tale, and Rama seems to want me to multiply it by many thousands to explain the Indian dominance of the motel business. But it isn't quite that simple. "If you look at an example of a domination of an economic niche by an ethnic group," says Thomas Espenshade, a professor of sociology at the Office of Population Research at Princeton University, "the general story is told in terms of the pioneers and the followers. This is so whether you look at Indian motel owners, Korean grocers, Chinese laundries." …

News & Record (Greensboro, NC)
Copyright 1999 News & Record
July 4, 1999, Sunday


Ernest Hemingway was already a full-blown cultural phenomenon by 1934, in which year Vanity Fair magazine published a series of Ernest Hemingway ''paper dolls'': ''Ernie the Neanderthal Man'' (loin cloth, club and dead rabbit in either hand), ''Ernie as the Lost Generation'' (seated at a cafe table surrounded by bottles), ''Ernie as Don Jose, the Toreador'' (with dead bull), and ''Ernie the Unknown Soldier'' (the brooding survivor of combat). By the time of his death in 1961, had it wished, the magazine could have added several more dolls: Ernie the Great White Hunter, Ernie the Deep Sea Fisherman, Ernie the War Correspondent - at least these and possibly half a dozen others. For Hemingway finally transcended the merely phenomenal status of his middle years to enter the realm of the iconic, where he resides still today, some 38 years after his suicide, as ''Ernest Hemingway.''

Talent, of course - great talent - and a powerful personality went into the making of this image, but, too, as Leonard Leff, who has written about the development of the Hemingway image during the 1920s and '30s, points out, Hemingway was deeply interested in the sale and promotion of his books and, more important, in ''the accoutrements of a literary career and the blandishments of a culture of celebrity.'' …

At any rate, however, despite the complicity of ''Hemingway,'' I wish for several reasons the book were not being published. For one thing, the best written portions of it, generally the hunting sequences, have already been published - by Look magazine in January and April 1954 and by Sports Illustrated in December 1971 and January 1972. What remains of the manuscript is of interest mostly to Hemingway scholars, as Burwell points out, for the way in which its fragmentary, repetitive and partially repudiated elements can be read as Hemingway's self-analysis through fiction; these elements, along with similar elements from the other unpublished manuscripts, can be combined to produce a portrait of the artist. But even at that, scholars have had access to the full manuscript, housed at Princeton University, since 1992, and many of the more interesting fragments are not included in Patrick Hemingway's published text. …

Press Journal (Vero Beach, FL)
Copyright 1999 Scripps Howard Newspapers
July 4, 1999, Sunday

Henley Royal Regatta

HENLEY ON THAMES, England (AP) - Results Saturday of American boats at the Henley Royal Regatta:

Temple Cup

Harvard University def. Dartmouth "A" Hanover, New Hampshire, by 1 1/4 lengths. Princeton University def. Oxford Brookes University, England, by 1/3 lengths.

The Sunday Herald
Copyright 1999 Scottish Media Newspapers Limited
July 4, 1999

HEADLINE: Gospel blesses America
BYLINE: William Storrar

There's a lot more to American religious life than fundamentalists like Pat Robertson.
William Storrar went on a voyage of discovery

It's Thursday morning, May 6 - election day for the Scottish parliament - and I am on my way to Duke University in North Carolina. I am on a five-week study tour interviewing academics on the state of the American mainline churches.

The Proclaimers tape I brought with me for travelling on this historic day is belting out the glorious lowland tones of my fellow Fifers as I pass the road sign for the Virginia coast - headquarters of Pat Robertson's 700 Club and fundamentalist business empire. I momentarily think of turning east, and giving Pat a slap on behalf of Scottish presbyterians everywhere.

But I decide to stay on the highway and not get diverted into the twilight zone of the Religious Right.

I have been observing the phenomenon at first hand for 20 years, ever since I spent my first summer in America in 1979, working in a small, multi-racial presbyterian church on Capitol Hill, Washington DC. Once there, I discovered that the boss of the friend who had invited me to work in his church was a Mr Newt Gingrich. …

Duke University, in Durham, North Carolina is one of America's leading universities, 'the Princeton of the South'. I was visiting the Duke Divinity School, to speak to a professor who is developing a major study of ministers in mainline American Churches. …

On the Sunday after the Scottish parliamentary elections, I was at Princeton, New Jersey. Being a patriotic Scot, I went to the Witherspoon Street Presbyterian Church. It is named after 18th century Church of Scotland minister, John Witherspoon, who became president of Princeton University, taught leading figures in the American revolution like James Madison and himself signed the American Declaration of Independence on behalf of New Jersey. It seemed a fitting place to go and pray for the new Scottish parliament. I found myself worshipping in a black, African American congregation, led by a black pastor. It turned out that this congregation's roots went back to the time when Southern gentlemen students like Madison brought their black slaves up to Princeton to serve them during their studies in Scottish Enlightenment philosophy with President Witherspoon. That Sunday was Mother's Day in America. The pastor gave a moving sermon about the struggle of single black women - like his own mother - who bring up their kids with dignity and hope, against all the economic and social odds, holding down three jobs at a time to pay the bills, and still remaining active in their churches, with only religion for strength. In the pew in front of me sat three older women. Amen, they cried out loud, from the depths of such a life. Black Christianity, rooted in the spirituals of the slaves, is a gospel of liberation from oppression, not Pat Robertson's endorsement of capitalism.

But Princeton is very much an upper middle class university town, where church -going is still fashionable among all races. What about the real wastelands of American society - the urban ghettos? …

The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette
Copyright 1999 Little Rock Newspapers, Inc.
July 03, 1999, Saturday

HEADLINE: New 'Purified' Bible says Jesus turned water into grape juice

GLENSIDE, Pa. -- Jesus' first miracle was turning water into grape juice -- not wine -- according to a new translation of the Gospel of John that assumes Christ was a teetotaler.

Most translations of the second chapter of John report that Jesus miraculously turned water into wine at the wedding feast in Cana. But The Holy Bible, A Purified Translation, The Gospel According to John says in John 2:9 that the master of the wedding feast "tasted the water that had become grape juice." …

Footnotes to the translation say the Greek word usually translated "wine" in John 2 is "neutral as to alcoholic content." They also state that Proverbs 23:31 forbids the consumption of alcohol, and Jesus therefore could not have created alcoholic wine.

"Jesus would not have broken the law," said Stephen Reynolds, the book's main translator. "It was a law of God as recorded in Proverbs." …

Reynolds has a doctor of philosophy in Old Testament languages from Princeton University and has taught at several seminaries. He was ordained in the Presbyterian Church (USA) and is now a member of the American Presbyterian Church. He was baptized by immersion in a conservative Baptist church and still believes in believer's baptism. …

The Buffalo News
Copyright 1999 The Buffalo News
July 3, 1999, Saturday


James P. McDermott, a professor of religious studies and 22-year veteran of the Canisius College faculty, has been named dean of Canisius' College of Arts and Sciences. …

McDermott, in his new position, will oversee 18 departments, 126 full-time faculty and more than 40 majors and programs.

A graduate of Wesleyan University in Middletown, Conn., he also holds a master of divinity degree from Yale University, a master of arts degree and a doctorate's degree from Princeton University. …

Calgary Herald
Copyright 1999 Southam Inc.
July 03, 1999

HEADLINE: With the death of her husband, King Hussein of Jordan, Queen Noor's role is far from clear
BYLINE: Howard Schneider, The Washington Post

The thoughts tumble freely, a stream moving in a general direction but improvising a course.

The speaker is Queen Noor, widow of King Hussein, not yet 50 and redefining her life inside the Arab kingdom where she has been a centerpiece for 20 years, a ''resource and a sounding board'' for the man whose decisions helped shape the Middle East.

The topic is her religion, specifically whether, raised by Christian parents, she converted to Islam primarily for convenience, to make possible her marriage to a man who was not just a Muslim monarch but also a Hashemite, a descendant of the founding prophet, Muhammad, with all the weight of history and piety that entails.

The short answer is yes, but that alone sounds rudely shallow. So her thoughts spin deeper, to a point at which honesty, tact, the demands of her adopted culture and reverence for a departed husband collide, illustrating the constraints even queens face in defining themselves.

''Maybe because the world is constantly changing and therefore people, we are all constantly having to respond to changing circumstances. Islam provided a framework, a very clear, very enlightened . . . concrete framework . . . for understanding one's responsibilities and obligations in life that, of course, depending on interpretation, has created, as you find in other religions, a variety of different perspectives. I saw my husband -- for me, I would not liken him to the prophet or any of the messengers that are part of the three Abrahamic religions, but I see him as someone who carried the message and made it real in this day and age.

''And it is really important that you not express that as badly as I did.'' …

The odd impression is that, despite a life amid regal trappings, despite the fact that she gave up her U.S. passport, the former Lisa Halaby has lived a very western success story. She just happens to have done it as queen of an Arab country.

A smart, attractive Princeton University graduate, she pursued urban planning and design. Her father, an airline executive, was Syrian, and she was drawn to the Middle East. In the 1970s, she began working with Royal Jordanian Airlines. …

The Dallas Morning News
Copyright 1999 The Dallas Morning News
July 3, 1999, Saturday

HEADLINE: Seeds of the Soul New Southern fiction digs deep into chasms of belief and unbelief
BYLINE: Diane Winston
SOURCE: Special Contributor to The Dallas Morning News

Author Lynna Williams calls herself "a new Southern writer": urban, rootless and riddled with unbelief.

"I write about outsiders who are inside of a culture where people believe in God, but they themselves don't," explained the Emory English professor with a Texas pedigree. "My stories are set in the South. But I have a hard time calling myself a Southern writer."

While Ms. Williams, author of Things Not Seen and Other Short Stories, worries that she is in a category by herself, a substantial number of Southern authors are warming the same bench.

Literary icons such as William Faulkner and Flannery O'Connor still shape much of the region's fiction -- from works by Lee Smith and Larry Brown to those of Ann Tyler and Harry Crews. But a younger guard is playing with regional settings and religious sensibilities in ways that echo the past yet point to something entirely new.

Guilt and redemption, sin and salvation remain staples of Southern fiction. But the former lords of the literary landscape -- Baptists, Catholics and holy rollers -- now compete with New Agers, lapsed believers and seekers with jury-rigged spiritual lives.

Likewise, the South's once-powerful sense of place is growing more ephemeral. Southern strip malls and suburbs could be Anywhere, U.S.A., while tract homes and satellite dishes dot even the most rural outposts. …

Diane Winston is a fellow at the Center for the Study of American Religion at Princeton University.

The Fresno Bee
Copyright 1999 McClatchy Newspapers, Inc.
July 3, 1999 Saturday

HEADLINE: Pressler changed Baptists
BYLINE: Jim Jones

Houston Judge Paul Pressler, in his new book, "A Hill on Which to Die," portrays himself as one of the saviors of the national Southern Baptist Convention. But to many, Pressler is a villain rather than a messiah.

He has been accused of ruthless tactics in a historic revolution that turned the Southern Baptists far to the right in embracing stands such as boycotting Disney, proselytizing Jews and Mormons, and approving statements urging wives to "submit graciously" to their husbands. … 

But Pressler is the man moderates love to hate. …

He fought peer pressure from liberal students and teachers in practicing his evangelical faith at Phillips Exeter Academy, a prep school in New Hampshire, and at Princeton University.

Pressler acknowledged that the conservative resurgence inflicted pain on many moderates. …

The Gazette (Montreal)
Copyright 1999 Southam Inc.
July 03, 1999

HEADLINE: American Revolution extends to words

''Let 'em speak Greek''

- battle cry of the New Republic

Legend has it that 19th-century American lexicographer Noah Webster asked British naval officer Basil Hall why he believed all American neologisms unworthy. Hall replied: ''There are enough words already.''

Clearly, writer Jeffrey McQuain disagrees. He has just written a book titled Never Enough Words (Random House, 277 pp, $24.45), which attempts to analyze words that exemplify the American personality. Since words die out from non-use, McQuain's rejoinder to Hall should more accurately be ''never enough new words.'' …

Many of the early attackers of American speech were Americans themselves. In fact, it was American John Witherspoon, president of Princeton University, who coined the word ''Americanism'' in the late 18th century to refer to the inferior English emanating in the colony. Witherspoon said that in the United States one might say ''the police notified the coroner'' whereas in England ''we do not notify the person or the thing, but notify the thing to the person.'' …

The National Journal
Copyright 1999 The National Journal, Inc.

July 3, 1999

HEADLINE: Bradley's Starting Lineup
BYLINE: James A. Barnes

Given that former Sen. Bill Bradley is a presidential candidate whose campaign style has been called ''Zen-like'' or just plain ''quirky,'' it's not surprising that Bradley's senior cadre of political advisers is made up of ''true believers.''

This phrase doesn't describe their commitment to any ideology, although most have ties to the party's progressive wing. Rather, they are true believers in a man; they are Bradley disciples. Devout ones. …

One area in which Gore's advantage is less pronounced is in campaign contributions. Heading up the Bradley cash machine are two aides with Princeton University ties: Rick Wright, 56, the campaign's national finance director; and Betty W. Sapoch, ''60-ish,'' fund-raising director.

Wright recalls his first encounter with Bradley. It was in September 1961, when Wright was a sophomore at Princeton and a forward on the varsity basketball team. NCAA rules prevented Bradley from playing on the varsity unit his first year at college, but Wright and several of his teammates were on hand at Dillon Gymnasium to watch Bradley practice. ''He came with quite a reputation, and we were all looking forward to seeing him shoot,'' recalled Wright. The two became close friends. …

Working by Wright's side is Sapoch, who met Bradley when her husband worked at Princeton and Bradley was a student there. In those days, some speculated that Bradley was destined for high office, but not Sapoch. ''I just saw him as a nice person,'' she said. Bradley asked her to help raise money for his 1978 Senate campaign, and she has been collecting checks for him ever since. …

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
July 3, 1999, Saturday

HEADLINE: Journal: Summer of Matthew Shepard

"The love that dare not speak its name now won't shut up," says Tom Ammiano, the gay San Francisco politician who may be his city's next mayor. Even a continent away, that's no joke. The homophobic epidemic of '98, which spiked with the October murder of Matthew Shepard, has turned into the homophilic explosion of '99.

Just look at the past week:

On Monday, the day after New York's Republican Mayor (alas, not in drag) enlisted in the placid gay pride parade, a couple in Rockefeller Center surprised the "Today" show's schmoozing weatherman, Al Roker, by treating the nation to its first on-camera, man-to-man network kiss on the lips. (The nation shrugged.) That afternoon, Bill Clinton, having already declared June to be "Gay and Lesbian Pride Month," took the stage of Broadway's "Iceman Cometh" to salute the 30th anniversary of the Stonewall riots, the Bunker Hill of the modern gay civil rights movement. (The gesture might actually have been moving had his audience not been limited to Kevin Spacey, Tony Danza and fat cats paying $1,000 each.) The next afternoon, the first openly gay American Ambassador, James Hormel, was sworn in as our envoy to Luxembourg, with his partner, Timothy Wu, holding the Bible. Madeleine Albright, administering the oath at the State Department, used the ceremony to "send a message" of inclusiveness. …

His partner, the 36-year-old Mr. Wu, was himself "a first" once -- one of the first two Asian-Americans to serve as trustees of Princeton University. Reflecting this week on his recent trial by innuendo and insult, he was upbeat. Though startled to find out that he too was subjected to caricature -- "Am I the trophy wife?" he joked -- he took solace in the fact that neither he nor Mr. Hormel ever "changed the way we presented ourselves and our relationship during the whole nomination process." …

New Scientist
Copyright 1999 New Scientist IPC Magazines Ltd
July 3, 1999

HEADLINE: Live and let live
BYLINE: Martin Brookes (London; Martin Brookes is a freelance science writer based in London)

HIGHLIGHT: To most people, they're unnatural monsters whose genes sully the purity of species. Rubbish, say crusading biologists, hybrids are just playing the same evolutionary game as everyone else. Martin Brookes investigates

HEADING north out of Panama City, the landscape changes abruptly from concrete monoculture to moist tropical rainforest. Only the cola cans and burger boxes strewn along the roadside remind us of the city we have just left behind. Chris Jiggins takes a left turn and the road becomes a narrow track of pink, sticky mud as we go deeper into the jungle.

Suddenly, a red flash shoots in front of the windscreen and Jiggins hits the brakes, bringing the 4WD to an abrupt halt. Picking up a net, he jumps out of the car and disappears into a wall of green foliage. Fifteen solitary minutes later, he reappears with a broad grin on his face, carefully clutching the butterfly net and his valuable prize.

Jiggins, from University College London but currently based at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama, describes himself as an evolutionary biologist. But perhaps "genetic plumber" is a more accurate description of his trade. Jiggins has spent most of his career in the jungles of Latin America looking for evidence of genes "leaking" from one species into another. Hybrids - the living evidence of genetic leaks - are Jiggins's speciality, and he has become adept at tracking them down in his favoured group, "Heliconius" butterflies. …

But selection doesn't seal all genetic leaks. To find a good example, look no further than the spiritual home of Darwinian evolution - the Galapagos Islands. There, evolutionary biologist Peter Grant from Princeton University has spent the past 30 years monitoring the remarkable changes taking place among populations of Darwin's finches.

Ahead by a beak

Hybrids between Darwin's finches are relatively common. Like the butterflies, finch hybrids seem healthy enough. They can fly, sing, court and have fertile offspring. But their beaks - intermediate in shape - are less efficient feeding tools than the beaks of the parental species. In the competition for food, hybrids lose out. At least, that was the situation up until 1983, when a vigorous El Nino event triggered drastic changes in the Galapagos environment. On Daphne Major for example, one of the smaller islands, the wetter climate allowed new types of plants to flourish. Seeds - the staple diet of the finches - became smaller and softer. All of a sudden, hybrid birds found themselves one step ahead of the competition as the parental species, highly specialised to feed on traditional seed types, struggled to cope with the novel seeds.

Grant believes that if the genetic leaks were to continue at their current rate, the outcome would be complete dissolution of the separate species, perhaps within 200 years. "However," he says, "it will not continue indefinitely because sooner or later the climate will change back to relatively dry conditions." …

The Straits Times (Singapore)
Copyright 1999 The Straits Times Press Limited
July 3, 1999

HEADLINE: A life that made a great history
BYLINE: Asad Latif

WHEN Francis Fukuyama declared a decade ago that history had ended, what began was his transition from unknown bureaucrat to global savant. Now, to mark the 10th anniversary of his discovery, the seer has updated his views.

He argues that science's ability to change human nature has given history a new lease of life, but once technology makes that nature malleable, human history will end and a post-human history will arrive.

Someone should write a history of Francis Fukuyama. My purpose today is, instead, to talk about a person who, far from waiting for history to end, committed his life to making it happen.

The Pakistani scholar-activist and internationalist Eqbal Ahmad was one of those rare humans whose sojourn in this world tempts others to embark on eternity. His story is one of solidarity with the history of millions. …

When India was partitioned in 1947, he left for Pakistan, where he studied at Forman Christian College before arriving at Occidental College in the United States.

His doctoral years at Princeton University, where he worked on political science and the Middle East, included a visit to Algeria. It was not the usual field trip. He joined the Algerian nationalist liberation movement, the FLN, and became an associate of the anti-colonialist Frantz Fanon. He was arrested in France. …

JULY 2, 1999


ANNOUNCER: This is a Nightline Friday night special.

AARON BROWN, ABC News: (voice-over) They're words to arm them for the 21st century.
JAMES CARVILLE, University of Maryland: I'm here to plead with you, to beg you to reject the siren song of cynicism. AARON BROWN: (voice-over) A bit of wisdom.
OPRAH WINFREY, Morehouse College: Real success comes when you learn to act as if everything depended on you, everything. …

AARON BROWN: (voice-over) Tonight the last class, advice for the future. …

Since May we have been out and around the country covering commencement speeches at a variety of colleges and universities, listening to those speeches and searching for the patterns, the themes. We now suspect that a great commencement speech written 50 years ago would still work today. The basics haven't changed all that much, that all you need to know as you enter the post-graduate period, often called the real world, is pretty much the same.

But if the basics haven't changed, the world has and those old words find new meaning when applied to the world as it is now. In these days of the healthiest economy in decades when elementary school students, let alone new college grads, seem to be playing the stock market, balancing that chase for money came up a lot. Don't worry so much about money, these kids are told again and again. We might add they are told this most often by people who have already made money, and in some cases a lot of it. Nevertheless it's a message we're hearing no matter the portfolio or the messenger and the messengers here are a pretty diverse group. So here we go, the last words to the last class of the last year of the 20th century. …

MARIAN WRIGHT EDELMAN, Princeton University: How many children will never learn enough now to earn a living later because you and I did not reach out to them, decide to teach them, to speak up for them, to vote and lobby and struggle for them? But what shall it profit a man or woman if he or she shall gain the world and lose his soul? I hope you will as you go out make sure that you are a witness for justice. Please don't let America lose its soul. …

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Copyright 1999 The Chronicle of Higher Education
July 2, 1999

HEADLINE: Nationwide Chains May Shake Up Admissions-Counseling Industry

College-admissions counseling, a profession once known for long hours and small paychecks, has suddenly become a growth industry.

Wealthy investors are sinking money into Achieva College Prep Centers, a company with eight offices in California that offers one-stop shopping for students making the transition from high school to college.

And major competition is on the way. Both Kaplan Educational Centers and Princeton Review, the test-preparation companies, are planning to roll out their own admissions-counseling services this fall. …

Mike Balich started working with Achieva roughly a year ago, in Berkeley, after his father heard about the company from a partner in his law firm. Mr. Balich, who graduated last month from Bishop O'Dowd High School, in Oakland, Cal., worked primarily with Mr. Livingston, who helped him to refine his application essays before the student had even received his college application forms. Mr. Livingston "made a few suggestions here and there about what [colleges] were looking for," he recalls, and when Mr. Balich decided to apply early to Princeton University, the two "made the essays compatible" with the form's actual questions.

Mr. Balich was accepted by Princeton and so didn't apply anywhere else. The total bill from Achieva: roughly $2,500. "The thing that made it worthwhile was that it took me and my husband out of the loop a little bit," says Jody Balich, Mike's mother. "We weren't at odds with our son. His choice was really his choice." …

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Copyright 1999 The Chronicle of Higher Education
July 2, 1999

HEADLINE: The Academic Path to Pariah Status

Peter H. Duesberg used to be a player in academe. Now he's a pariah.

In his glory days as a cancer researcher, he helped set the agenda in the molecular-biology department at the University of California at Berkeley. But ever since he started insisting that AIDS isn't caused by H.I.V. -- a theory none too popular in a scientific community that has used billions of dollars in government funds to prove otherwise -- his institutional status has plummeted.

Mr. Duesberg is no longer trusted with graduate teaching or faculty hiring. His sole departmental assignment is the picnic committee. He handles hot dogs.

And that's the least of his worries. His grants have dried up. His 10-person lab has shrunk to two people -- and one of them works for no pay. No one wants to be associated with Mr. Duesberg. Almost no one is willing to be seen with him. The man hasn't been invited to an academic party in five years. …

Shunning is one of the most effective ways to keep wayward professors in line, say academics who have received the cold shoulder. …

Tenure protects a person's job, but there are all sorts of ways to make a professor's life miserable if you disagree with him professionally or dislike her personally. Professors who have become pariahs on their campuses describe shunning as academe's dirty little secret -- and they say it's high time the practice is exposed as the malevolent form of mind control that it is. …

Most professors who find themselves ostracized on one campus say they don't stand a chance of finding a job on another. Before he started rubbing Rutgers the wrong way, says Mr. Figueira, the classicist, he was getting shortlisted for top posts at places like Harvard and Princeton Universities. Now he isn't even invited to apply: "Outside my institution, I'm dead. I couldn't get hired as a dogcatcher." …

The Denver Post
Copyright 1999 The Denver Post Corporation
July 2, 1999 Friday

HEADLINE: Trail reaches Princeton summit
BYLINE: By Dave Muller, Special to The Denver Post

Mount Princeton is one of Colorado's "fourteeners" and one of the Collegiate Peaks, a group of 14,000-foot mountains named after famous universities. The route to the top is uncomplicated and poses no special dangers. …

Where: Mount Princeton
Hike distance: 5.6 miles each way
Hiking time: Up in 165 minutes. Down in 125 minutes.
Starting elevation: 10,900 feet
Highest elevation: 14,197 feet
Elevation gain: 3,677 feet (includes 190 extra feet each way)
Trail: All the way
Difficulty: More difficult

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company
July 2, 1999, Friday

HEADLINE: Paid Notice: Deaths

BELCHER-Jonathan Knapp, MD. Died suddenly, June 24, from complications from Leukemia in San Jose, California. Dr. Belcher was a member of the teaching faculty of the San Jose Medical Center Family Practice Residency Program, and he also held a faculty teaching appointment through the Stanford University Medical School. …

Dr. Belcher was born in Greenwich, Connecticut in 1940, was educated at the Hotchkiss School, Princeton University and the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University. …

News & Record (Greensboro, NC)
Copyright 1999 News & Record
July 2, 1999, Friday


Every news commentator expressed shock, as did police. How could that father in Indiana plan the death of his own son, even before he was born? Thankfully, there are still some things that shock us.

Will we always have the capacity to feel pain at such senseless brutality? Perhaps not, if Dr. Peter Singer has his way. Singer is about to become chairman of Princeton University's Center for Human Values.

In his book, ''Practical Ethics,'' Singer states, ''Killing a disabled infant is not morally equivalent to killing a person. Very often it is not wrong at all.''

He also extends this lesser claim to life to older children and adults whose quality of life is poor, such as people who are physically or mentally disabled.

The hiring of Singer by a prestigious educational institution, which defends the appointment on grounds of academic freedom, legitimizes his agenda. Certainly Singer will use this platform to continue arguing for the killing of certain people, casting such actions in a more respectable light. At best, it demeans and threatens the disabled, reinforcing the notion that some people's lives can be judged as not worth living by others who are somehow superior.

Does this affect us? Absolutely. It's another attempt by self-appointed experts to attack moral values, making the unacceptable acceptable. Thirty years ago, who would have believed that 36 million unborn children could be legally killed? It is only a small step from the unborn to the already born.

Flora M. Smith

The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer
Copyright 1999 MacNeil/Lehrer Productions
July 2, 1999, Friday

 JIM LEHRER: Good evening. I'm Jim Lehrer. On the NewsHour tonight, economics correspondent Paul Solman looks at who has jobs these days in America. …

JIM LEHRER: The nation's unemployment rate rose from 4.2 percent to 4.3 percent in June. Today's Labor Department report said gains in the restaurant and entertainment industries were offset by losses in manufacturing employment. We'll have more on this story right after the News Summary. …


JIM LEHRER: Our economics correspondent, Paul Solman of WGBH-Boston, has the jobs story.

PAUL SOLMAN: Today's 0.1 percent uptick in the overall unemployment number is, according to the Bureau of Labor statistics, statistically insignificant. Much more striking, to BLS Chief Katharine Abraham, is that the economy added a hefty quarter-million jobs in June. … 

PAUL SOLMAN: Joining me first are two economists, Alan Krueger of Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School, and William Rogers of the College of William and Mary. He is co-author of a recent study on how young men are faring in today's labor market. Welcome to you two.

Alan Krueger, what do you make of today's numbers?

ALAN KRUEGER: Well, I think your report had it right, that essentially unchanged from last month when we look at the unemployment situation -- we still have near record low unemployment. The economy, I think, is doing quite well. The manufacturing sector is a weak area. That's a trend that's been going on for some time, but I don't think that's going to affect overall job growth or the overall economy. …

PAUL SOLMAN: Alan Krueger, let's go back to you in Princeton. We didn't get you in on this issue of the two-tier economy and the widening income gap that we've been talking about in this country since 19, you know, the early 70's. I mean, here we hear about $90 million Internet start-ups and $42,000-a-year starting salaries, which is a lot higher than the medium income in this country, is it not?

ALAN KRUEGER: Absolutely. What - I think it's been going on in contrast to the trend in the late 1970's and the 80's when inequality grew tremendously, the last ten years and especially the last three or four years, the bottom of the distribution has done quite well -

PAUL SOLMAN: The very bottom.

ALAN KRUEGER: -- high school dropouts, less-skilled workers, which is the group that really got clobbered in the 1980's. I think they have regained not all of what they lost, but a substantial fraction of what they lost in the 1980's. …

St. Petersburg Times
Copyright 1999 Times Publishing Company
July 02, 1999, Friday

ALLEN, JAMES G., 67, of St. Petersburg, died Monday (June 28, 1999) at Hospice House Woodside, Pinellas Park. Born in West Lafayette, Ind., he came here in 1978 from Washington, D.C., where he was a financial administrator for the federal government for 22 years. He was an Army veteran and received a master's degree in economics from Princeton University. Survivors include his companion, James Wilder; a sister, Frances Buswell, Fairbanks, Alaska; two nephews; and a niece. National Cremation Society, St. Petersburg.

University Wire
Copyright 1999 The Stanford Daily via U-Wire
July 2, 1999

HEADLINE: Stanford physics prof claims MacArthur award
BYLINE: By Valentine Ding, The Stanford Daily
SOURCE: Stanford U.
DATELINE: Stanford, Calif.

Talking with Stanford University Assoc. Prof Eva Silverstein is a fun experience to learn how physicists look at the world.

"It's a precise, elegant world," she mused in her Spartan, modest-sized office at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center "In the language of mathematics, everything is simple and beautiful."

As a theorist Silverstein said that the quest for such a world was basically her source of motivation. And she was happy that she had found her interest, which generated passion and has subsequently brought her achievement.

Silverstein was told on June 23 that she had won a grant from the annual MacArthur Fellowship Program for her theoretical studies which, according to the MacArthur Foundation, "provide key insights into the age, structure, dynamics and eventual fate of the universe." …

When Silverstein first started on string theory, it had several versions. Each had a consistent framework which incorporated quantum mechanics.

"String theory was not as popular as it is now," she acknowledged.

Her long-term collaborator is Shamit Kachru, an assistant professor in particle theory at UC-Berkeley, who studied with Silverstein under the same doctoral advisors at Princeton University. Together Kachru and Silverstein made remarkable progress in reducing the dimensions required in string theory, a process called "compactification." …

Copyright 1999 Capital Cities Media Inc.
July 2, 1999

BYLINE: Maxwell, Alison

WASHINGTON -- Members of the Fair Labor Association have contributed $200,000 for a one-year pilot project to train nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) to conduct factory monitoring.

The International Labor Rights Fund will conduct the program, which will provide on-the-job training for NGOs in Asian and Latin American countries where companies that provide merchandise for the member schools operate and unsafe working conditions have been identified.

Details of the program were revealed last week at the association's University Advisory Council's inaugural meeting. …

"For colleges and universities, effective participation in monitoring by local NGOs is one of the key features of the FLA," said Robert Durkee, vice president of public affairs at FLA-member school Princeton University. "We saw this project as one way that we could help to increase the number of NGOs that will have the skills and training necessary to participate in monitoring." …

Copyright 1999 Walt Disney Company
July 1, 1999

HEADLINE: THE LAST BIG BANG MAN LEFT STANDING; physicist Ralph Alpher devised Big Bang Theory of universe

NO ONE EVER RECOGNIZES HIM, although he is arguably one of the most important scientists of the century. He seems to just blend into matter and light. On campus he's the predictable physics prof, emerging from the science building at Union College with his hands deep in his pockets, a suspender peeking out from under his tan sweater. But you can blow his cover with a single question' Where did we come from? Ralph Alpher knows the answer. Back in 1948, Alpher wrote a Ph.D. dissertation that gave birth to the scientific theory known as the Big Bang. He revealed, mathematically at least, how the universe began in a superhot explosion 14 billion years ago. A few months later, he showed how to prove it. But in 1948, good math or not, these were loony ideas, and radio astronomy was a very young science. …

The world turns around. In 1965, the Astrophysical Journal hits Alpher's desk, featuring two articles, a scientific double whammy, a paradigm shift in plain paper wrappers:

Item 1: Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, two radio astronomers using an ultrasensitive radio telescope at Bell Labs in Holmdel, New Jersey, unexpectedly detect unwavering radiation of 3.5 degrees K bathing the universe.

Item 2: Working independently, a four-man research team, led by physicist Robert Dicke at Princeton University, pegs the finding as radiation left over from a primordial freball. The team had predicted heat of 10 degrees K and were building a telescope in order to measure it when Penzias and Wilson scooped them.

Alpher feels ecstatic for about a minute. Then his heart is in his throat. He pages through the reports looking for his name. He finds one single line indicating that in the 1940s, he, Herman, and Gamow had envisioned a nucleosynthesis process like the one mentioned in the report. But there is not a single mention of Alpher and Herman's 1948 prediction. Several months before, the editor of the Physical Review had sent a paper from the Princeton team to Alpher and Herman, asking that they review it, a common practice in technical journals. The two men told the editor that the Princeton team had duplicated their work. They suggested rejecting it. The editor sent a second version of the paper to Alpher and Herman. It still didn't credit them. Alpher and Herman sent it back again, citing references. Nothing happened. Now the Princeton paper and the Bell Labs paper have appeared in a different journal. …

The Houston Chronicle
Copyright 1999 The Houston Chronicle Publishing Company
July 01, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Purer air may bring more heat; Sulfates now block some of sun's rays
SOURCE: Knight-Ridder Tribune News

WASHINGTON- As America cleans its air, it will pay a price in higher temperatures.

The United States and other nations have cut sulfur dioxide pollution, which causes health problems and acid rain.

But the same sulfur in the air also reflects the sun's heat and slows global warming, scientists say.

So removing sulfur from the air is expected to raise global temperatures in the next 100 years a degree above predictions made only four years ago, said the study by Tom Wigley, a senior scientist at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado.

"If we save the world from acid rain . . . we might exacerbate the global warming problem," Wigley said. …

"Cleaning up the sulfates is going to help remove this whitish haze that covers industrial areas and that's going to allow some further warming," MacCracken said.

The sulfur particle issue represents a "moral paradox" because cleaning the air in the short term is a priority, yet global warming is at a runaway pace, said Princeton University atmospheric sciences Professor Jerry Mahlman, who runs the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Lab for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. …

 International Herald Tribune
(Neuilly-sur-Seine, France)
Copyright 1999 International Herald Tribune
July 1, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Lessons of a Past Reconstruction Effort in the Balkans
BYLINE: By Michael Doyle and Jan Mueller; International Herald Tribune

Many are skeptical about whether the United Nations can live up to its peacekeeping role in Kosovo. It is worth recalling that in the shadow of the Dayton agreement, the United Nations did accomplish a not too dissimilar mission in the Croatian region of Eastern Slavonia. This mission provides clues as to how the United Nations can facilitate the transition from a war- torn society to a peaceful and civil one. Eastern Slavonia was under UN executive authority from 1996 to 1998. When the Croatian Army overran the Serbian republics in 1995, Eastern Slavonia was temporarily spared and became a refuge for Serbs from all over Croatia. It was then that the United Nations took over, with Croatian acquiescence and largely at the insistence of the United States, to recreate a multiethnic entity under Croatian sovereignty but with rights for the Serbian minority. …

In the face of these challenges, how did the United Nations engineer a peaceful transition? Most importantly, it could work from an extensive agreement between the Croatian government and local Serbian leaders that envisaged a clear political outcome. Moreover, the UN mandate gave unprecedented executive authority to the transitional administrator in the region. Commitments on paper were not enough, however. It took the forceful UN administrator, Jacques Klein, and a team of exceptionally tough negotiators to bring Serbs and Croats together time and time again and to persuade them to focus on the future. Mr. Klein ceaselessly shuttled between the countries providing peacekeeping troops, in order to retain vital international support. More than once, he made impromptu speeches to Serbian crowds or stormed into local meetings to get agreements hammered out. But even tough talk and international threats can only go so far. Ultimately, this pro-active leadership was made possible because Mr. Klein had 5,000 soldiers, a tank unit, attack helicopters and NATO airpower to back him up. …

Investor's Business Daily
Copyright 1999 Investor's Business Daily, Inc.

July 1, 1999

HEADLINE: Physicist Richard Feynman
BYLINE: By Kathryn Linderman, Investor's Daily

Most of the time, Richard Feynman was unaffected by other people's opinions.

He didn't listen when they told him his theories about physics were impossible. He refused to give up when someone told him a project wouldn't work.

But once, in the 1940s, he forgot his own advice. His wife upbraided him for fretting too much about others' opinions.

Feynman realized that if he could use a reminder to be true to himself, so could other people. So he wrote a book that told readers what they needed to do to achieve something different and great: Keep at it no matter what others might say. His title: ''What Do You Care What People Think?'' …

He'd always been fascinated by the world around him. It was something he learned from his father, Melville.

Melville took the young Feynman for long walks almost daily through their Far Rockaway, N.Y., neighborhood. As they walked, Melville would point out various plants and describe their uses to the boy.

Melville wanted his son to learn to figure things out for himself. When Richard asked his father why a ball rolled backward in a forward-moving wagon, Melville urged his son to puzzle the question out.

He did, spending hours turning the question over in his mind. Finally, he reached a solution: The motion of the wagon that caused the ball to move. Elated, he told his father of his discovery.

It was a lesson he never forgot.

As a research assistant at Princeton University during World War II, he was recruited to work on the Manhattan Project and help develop the atomic bomb.

His co-workers on the project often would discuss problems in search of an answer. Feynman, however, would go off on his own and turn the problem around in his head for hours until he found an answer. Then he'd return to the group and offer his solution. More often than not, he'd solved the problem. …

Copyright 1999 Maclean Hunter Limited
July 1, 1999

HEADLINE: Insights into the brain of a mental giant

Size matters -- at least as far as renowned German-born physicist Albert Einstein's brain may be concerned. In the June 19 issue of the British medical journal The Lancet, a team of researchers headed by Sandra Witelson, a neuroscientist at Hamilton's McMaster University, said that the parietal lobes -- thought to be related to mathematical reasoning -- in Einstein's brain were 15 per cent wider than normal.

(Witelson's team also found that, contrary to other brains, Einstein's parietal lobes were not divided.) Einstein's brain was removed from his body after his death at Princeton University in 1955 and kept for more than 40 years by pathologist Thomas Harvey, who refused requests by U.S. government officials to turn the brain over to them. In 1995, Harvey transported the brain by car to Canada for study at McMaster.

The New York Times
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company

July 1, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: James B. Boskey, 57; Fought Child Abuse

James Bernard Boskey, a children's rights advocate and an expert on alternatives to the courts for resolving disputes, died on June 14 at New York Presbyterian Hospital. He was 57 and lived in North Caldwell, N.J.

The cause was cancer, said a spokesman for Seton Hall University. Mr. Boskey was a professor of family law at Seton Hall's Newark law campus. …

Mr. Boskey was born in Alexandria, La.. He graduated in 1964 from Princeton University, where he studied sociology and anthropology. He received law degrees from the University of Michigan in 1967 and the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1972. …

The Progressive
Copyright 1999 Progressive Inc.
July 1, 1999

HEADLINE: Reason for Disarmament; report alleging that China stole U.S. nuclear secrets unsubstantiated

In late May, a Select Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives headed by Christopher Cox, Republican of California, issued a report entitled "U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China." The 700-page document known as the Cox Report said that China "has stolen design information on the United States' most advanced thermonuclear weapons," adding that the spying at "our national weapons laboratories spans at least the past several decades and almost certainly continues today."

The report is unsettling, to say the least. It is dismaying to think that our national weapons laboratories have been so lax about security. But the hysteria over the alleged Chinese spying scandal is not warranted. …

"It's amazing how many conclusions they've based on a relatively small amount of information," says Frank yon Hippel, a physicist who teaches nuclear control and disarmament issues at Princeton University. "They don't seem to have enough information to prosecute anybody." …

The San Francisco Examiner
Copyright 1999 The Hearst Corporation
July 1, 1999, Thursday

HEADLINE: Hormel's partner sees win for minorities; Mainstream America rejected anti-gay comments, Timothy Wu says

Timothy Wu, the partner of new U.S. Ambassador James Hormel, said Hormel's successful 18-month fight to become the envoy to Luxembourg was a victory for human rights and for minorities across the nation.

"I felt that the process was generating very important dialogue of how do we Americans define equality, and what matters most when you're applying for a job," he said Wednesday, one day after Hormel was sworn in by Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. "I think it has brought the whole national dialogue on basic human rights forward; that includes women's rights, the rights of minorities and ethnic minorities." …

Hormel and Luxembourg's current ambassador to the United States, Arlette Conzemius, have something in common: They are both firsts. Conzemius is the first female ambassador in Luxembourg's history.

Wu, 36, the son of a Merrill Lynch stockbroker, was born in New York City, grew up in Singapore and Hong Kong and studied political science as an undergraduate at Princeton University before earning a Harvard law degree in 1992.

After graduation from Princeton, Wu became the youngest person and the first Asian American elected to Princeton's Board of Trustees.

Wu said he had worked as a producer for CBS News in New York before becoming a fund-raiser for nonprofit organizations in San Francisco. After Hormel goes to Luxembourg in the next month, Wu will become a White House fellow for a year. …

The Toronto Star
Copyright 1999 Toronto Star Newspapers, Ltd.
July 1, 1999, Thursday


Betts succeeds Liz Tilberis, who died earlier this year
By Robin Givhan

Harper's Bazaar has a new editor-in-chief: Katherine Betts, formerly of Vogue magazine.

Hearst Magazines announced Betts' appointment to the top job at Bazaar Thursday, about two months after the fashion magazine's former editor, Liz Tilberis, died of ovarian cancer at 51.

While Bazaar's circulation of 730,000 lags behind Vogue's 1.1 million readers, the editor's position at the Hearst publication is a plum one, and speculation on who would be Tilberis' successor began immediately after her death in April. Hearst began talks with Betts in early June.

''Obviously it's a dream job for me,'' Betts says, ''and something I couldn't turn down, although the timing isn't great.'' Betts, 35, expects her first child any day. …

Her move to Bazaar comes after eight years at Conde Nast's Vogue, most recently as the fashion news director, where she was responsible for the magazine's runway reports, fashion features and Vogue's Index - notes and shopping tips packaged as a consumer resource. Before Vogue, Betts spent several years at the Paris bureau of Women's Wear Daily. She is a graduate of Princeton University and is married to writer Chip Brown.

Information Bank Abstracts
Copyright 1999 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
July 1, 1999, Thursday

Excerpt from commentary by John J Miller in National Review's Internet update, June 22, on Princeton University's appointment of Peter Singer, 'an advocate of infanticide,' to its Center for Human Values (M)

The Progressive
Copyright 1999 Progressive Inc.
July 1, 1999

HEADLINE: Reason for Disarmament; report alleging that China stole U.S. nuclear secrets unsubstantiated

In late May, a Select Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives headed by Christopher Cox, Republican of California, issued a report entitled "U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China." The 700-page document known as the Cox Report said that China "has stolen design information on the United States' most advanced thermonuclear weapons," adding that the spying at "our national weapons laboratories spans at least the past several decades and almost certainly continues today." …

First off, the Cox Report may not prove much. There's a big question about how compromised, exactly, U.S. national security is. "If you look at the Cox Report, nobody really knows what they got, if anything," says Lisbeth Gronlund, senior staff scientist at the Union of Concerned Scientists.

"It's amazing how many conclusions they've based on a relatively small amount of information," says Frank von Hippel, a physicist who teaches nuclear control and disarmament issues at Princeton University. "They don't seem to have enough information to prosecute anybody." …